Nature-inspired, bridged polycyclic molecules share low similarity with currently available drugs, containing preferentially planar and/or achiral moieties. This "Escape from Flatland" scenario, aimed at exploring pharmacological properties of atypical molecular scaffolds, finds interest in synthetic routes leading to tridimensional-shaped molecules. Herein we report on the synthesis of N-bridged cyclopenta[a]indene derivatives, achieved through microwave-assisted thermal rearrangement of allene 3-benzazecines with high diastereoselectivity. The biological evaluation disclosed selective inhibition of human acetylcholinesterase or butyrylcholinesterase, depending on the substitution around the molecular core, which was rationalized by means of docking simulations. The most potent BChE inhibitor 31 was effective in neuroprotection from glutamatergic excitotoxicity and displayed low intrinsic cytotoxicity and good brain penetration. Overall, compound 31 and its close congeners 34 and 35 acted as multitarget agents addressing different biological events involved in neurodegeneration, particularly in the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

Away from Flatness: Unprecedented Nitrogen-Bridged Cyclopenta[a]indene Derivatives as Novel Anti-Alzheimer Multitarget Agents

Catto, Marco
;
Candia, Modesto de;Gambacorta, Nicola;Denora, Nunzio;Pisani, Leonardo;Nicolotti, Orazio;Altomare, Cosimo D
2021-01-01

Abstract

Nature-inspired, bridged polycyclic molecules share low similarity with currently available drugs, containing preferentially planar and/or achiral moieties. This "Escape from Flatland" scenario, aimed at exploring pharmacological properties of atypical molecular scaffolds, finds interest in synthetic routes leading to tridimensional-shaped molecules. Herein we report on the synthesis of N-bridged cyclopenta[a]indene derivatives, achieved through microwave-assisted thermal rearrangement of allene 3-benzazecines with high diastereoselectivity. The biological evaluation disclosed selective inhibition of human acetylcholinesterase or butyrylcholinesterase, depending on the substitution around the molecular core, which was rationalized by means of docking simulations. The most potent BChE inhibitor 31 was effective in neuroprotection from glutamatergic excitotoxicity and displayed low intrinsic cytotoxicity and good brain penetration. Overall, compound 31 and its close congeners 34 and 35 acted as multitarget agents addressing different biological events involved in neurodegeneration, particularly in the progression of Alzheimer's disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/353552
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