Aim: Enamino 3-benzazecine compounds, incorporating the C6-C8 allene system, were synthesized and evaluated in vitro as inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and/or multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), two efflux pumps mainly connected with multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. Results & methodology: Most of the synthesized compounds were selective P-gp inhibitors in Calcein-AM uptake assay. Structure-activity relationships (SARs) pointed out that CO2Me derivatives are more potent than acetyl derivatives, and 10,11-dimethoxy compounds are five to tenfold more potent inhibitors than the respective unsubstituted compounds, and that the P-gp inhibition potency is mainly related to volume parameters. Conclusion: Nanomolar P-gp inhibitors, such as 23 (IC50 = 4.2 nM), restored the antiproliferative activity of doxorubicin in multidrug-resistant cells. The observed activities showed that 3-benzazecine-based compounds may be promising MDR reversers.

3-benzazecine-based cyclic allene derivatives as highly potent P-glycoprotein inhibitors overcoming doxorubicin multidrug resistance

Niso M.;Candia M.
Investigation
;
Colabufo N. A.;Cellamare S.;Pisani L.;Altomare C. D.
2019

Abstract

Aim: Enamino 3-benzazecine compounds, incorporating the C6-C8 allene system, were synthesized and evaluated in vitro as inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and/or multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), two efflux pumps mainly connected with multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. Results & methodology: Most of the synthesized compounds were selective P-gp inhibitors in Calcein-AM uptake assay. Structure-activity relationships (SARs) pointed out that CO2Me derivatives are more potent than acetyl derivatives, and 10,11-dimethoxy compounds are five to tenfold more potent inhibitors than the respective unsubstituted compounds, and that the P-gp inhibition potency is mainly related to volume parameters. Conclusion: Nanomolar P-gp inhibitors, such as 23 (IC50 = 4.2 nM), restored the antiproliferative activity of doxorubicin in multidrug-resistant cells. The observed activities showed that 3-benzazecine-based compounds may be promising MDR reversers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/243396
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