A series of isatin-3-arylhydrazones were synthesized and evaluated in vitro as inhibitors of Ab1e40 aggregation using a thioflavin T fluorescence method. An exploration of the effects on Ab1e40 aggregation of a number of diverse substituents at phenylhydrazone group and 5,6- positions of the indolinone nucleus led us to single out some new anti-aggregating compounds with IC50 values in the low micromolar range. The most active compounds carry methoxy- or hydroxy- substituents in the indolinone 5,6-positions and lipophilic groups such as iPr and Cl at 40- and 30-position, respectively, of the phenylhydrazone moiety. Two derivatives are noteworthy, namely 18 (IC50 ¼ 0.4 mM) and 42 (IC50 ¼ 1.1 mM). The in vitro effects of the highly active, water soluble, compound 42 on the temporal evolution of Ab1e40 fibrils formation were further investigated by circular dichroism spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering studies, which clearly showed that this compound delayed and lowered the amyloid fibril formation.

Synthesis and biophysical evaluation of arylhydrazono-1H-2-indolinones as beta-amyloid aggregation inhibitors

CAMPAGNA, Francesco;CATTO, Marco;PURGATORIO R;ALTOMARE, Cosimo Damiano;CAROTTI, Angelo;PALAZZO, Gerardo
2011-01-01

Abstract

A series of isatin-3-arylhydrazones were synthesized and evaluated in vitro as inhibitors of Ab1e40 aggregation using a thioflavin T fluorescence method. An exploration of the effects on Ab1e40 aggregation of a number of diverse substituents at phenylhydrazone group and 5,6- positions of the indolinone nucleus led us to single out some new anti-aggregating compounds with IC50 values in the low micromolar range. The most active compounds carry methoxy- or hydroxy- substituents in the indolinone 5,6-positions and lipophilic groups such as iPr and Cl at 40- and 30-position, respectively, of the phenylhydrazone moiety. Two derivatives are noteworthy, namely 18 (IC50 ¼ 0.4 mM) and 42 (IC50 ¼ 1.1 mM). The in vitro effects of the highly active, water soluble, compound 42 on the temporal evolution of Ab1e40 fibrils formation were further investigated by circular dichroism spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering studies, which clearly showed that this compound delayed and lowered the amyloid fibril formation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/131757
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