Aim:The currentstudywas undertaken to determinethe total phenolic and flavonoid contents and toassessthe antioxidant activity of two different extracts (flour and oil) of two Algerian Quercus species, Quercus ilexL. and Quercus suberL. Methods and Material:The oil extraction of the two species was achieved using the Soxhlet method. The obtained extracts were estimated for the chemical and physical constants (acidity, peroxide value, iodine value,and ultraviolet absorption indices). Total phenolic content was measuredby spectrophotometryaccording to the Folin-Ciocalteu procedure and calculated as gallic acid equivalents (GAE). The studied extracts were alsosubmitted to an estimation of their flavonoid contents too,using aluminum chloride methods. Antioxidant ability was assessed by means oftwo distinctmethods (DPPH• and ABTS•+).Results:The obtained results revealed that antioxidant properties, total phenolic,and total flavonoid contents differed significantly among selected species and extracts. The flour samples possessed the highest level of totalphenolic contents (1101–1464 mg GAE/kg dry weight) and exhibited the highest antioxidant capacities with average values of 52.62–40.78 μmol TE g−1dry weight and 36.19–44.50 μmol TE g−1dry weight for DPPH and ABTS assays, respectively. Acorn oil extractsshowed also remarkable antioxidant activity, up to 2.69 and 3.23 μmol TE g−1oil (DPPH and ABTS test, respectively), even though the total phenolic contents were low (195.64–322.06 mg GAE /kg of oil). Total phenolic amounts were positively correlated withtheantioxidant properties of Quercus flour and oil.Conclusions:Ourstudy provides basic information on the presence of bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity in acorn fruits, in order to consider their extracts as functional food ingredients and potential source of natural antioxidants.

Comparative study of total phenolic content and antioxidant properties of Quercus fruit: flour and oil.

Squeo Giacomo;Pasqualone Antonella;Caponio Francesco
2019

Abstract

Aim:The currentstudywas undertaken to determinethe total phenolic and flavonoid contents and toassessthe antioxidant activity of two different extracts (flour and oil) of two Algerian Quercus species, Quercus ilexL. and Quercus suberL. Methods and Material:The oil extraction of the two species was achieved using the Soxhlet method. The obtained extracts were estimated for the chemical and physical constants (acidity, peroxide value, iodine value,and ultraviolet absorption indices). Total phenolic content was measuredby spectrophotometryaccording to the Folin-Ciocalteu procedure and calculated as gallic acid equivalents (GAE). The studied extracts were alsosubmitted to an estimation of their flavonoid contents too,using aluminum chloride methods. Antioxidant ability was assessed by means oftwo distinctmethods (DPPH• and ABTS•+).Results:The obtained results revealed that antioxidant properties, total phenolic,and total flavonoid contents differed significantly among selected species and extracts. The flour samples possessed the highest level of totalphenolic contents (1101–1464 mg GAE/kg dry weight) and exhibited the highest antioxidant capacities with average values of 52.62–40.78 μmol TE g−1dry weight and 36.19–44.50 μmol TE g−1dry weight for DPPH and ABTS assays, respectively. Acorn oil extractsshowed also remarkable antioxidant activity, up to 2.69 and 3.23 μmol TE g−1oil (DPPH and ABTS test, respectively), even though the total phenolic contents were low (195.64–322.06 mg GAE /kg of oil). Total phenolic amounts were positively correlated withtheantioxidant properties of Quercus flour and oil.Conclusions:Ourstudy provides basic information on the presence of bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity in acorn fruits, in order to consider their extracts as functional food ingredients and potential source of natural antioxidants.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/226957
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