Prolonged bicalutamide treatment induced pathology regression although relapses with a more aggressive form of prostate cancer have been observed. This failure could be due to androgen receptor mutation. In the present work we hypothesized an alternative mechanism responsible for bicalutamide failure involving activity of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) pumps such as P-glycoprotein, Breast Cancer Receptor Protein (BCRP), and Multi Resistant Proteins (MRPs) that extrude the androgen antagonist from the cell membrane. As experimental models androgen-dependent (LnCap) and androgen-independent (PC-3) prostate cancer cell lines have been employed. Bicalutamide has been tested in the cell lines mentioned above in the absence and in the presence of MC18, our potent P-glycoprotein/BCRP/MRP1 inhibitor. The results displayed that bicalutamide antiproliferative effect at 72 h was ameliorated in LnCap cells (EC(50) from 51.9+/-6.1 microM to 17.8+/-2.6 microM in the absence and in the presence of MC18, respectively) and restored in PC-3 cells (EC(50) from 150+/-2.4 microM to 60+/-3.5 microM in the absence and in the presence of MC18, respectively). Moreover, we established the contribution of each transporter employing stable transfected cells (MDCK) overexpressing P-glycoprotein or BCRP or MRP1 pump. The results displayed that P-glycoprotein and BCRP were involved in bicalutamide efflux while MRP1 was unable to bind the antiandrogen drug.

Bicalutamide failure in prostate cancer treatment: involvement of Multi Drug Resistance proteins

COLABUFO, Nicola Antonio;PAGLIARULO, VINCENZO;BERARDI, Francesco;CONTINO, MARIALESSANDRA;INGLESE, CARMELA;NISO, MAURO;ANCONA, PATRIZIA;ALBO, GIANCARLO;PAGLIARULO, Arcangelo;PERRONE, Roberto
2008

Abstract

Prolonged bicalutamide treatment induced pathology regression although relapses with a more aggressive form of prostate cancer have been observed. This failure could be due to androgen receptor mutation. In the present work we hypothesized an alternative mechanism responsible for bicalutamide failure involving activity of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) pumps such as P-glycoprotein, Breast Cancer Receptor Protein (BCRP), and Multi Resistant Proteins (MRPs) that extrude the androgen antagonist from the cell membrane. As experimental models androgen-dependent (LnCap) and androgen-independent (PC-3) prostate cancer cell lines have been employed. Bicalutamide has been tested in the cell lines mentioned above in the absence and in the presence of MC18, our potent P-glycoprotein/BCRP/MRP1 inhibitor. The results displayed that bicalutamide antiproliferative effect at 72 h was ameliorated in LnCap cells (EC(50) from 51.9+/-6.1 microM to 17.8+/-2.6 microM in the absence and in the presence of MC18, respectively) and restored in PC-3 cells (EC(50) from 150+/-2.4 microM to 60+/-3.5 microM in the absence and in the presence of MC18, respectively). Moreover, we established the contribution of each transporter employing stable transfected cells (MDCK) overexpressing P-glycoprotein or BCRP or MRP1 pump. The results displayed that P-glycoprotein and BCRP were involved in bicalutamide efflux while MRP1 was unable to bind the antiandrogen drug.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/142153
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