(1) Background: The structure of the Sigma 2 receptor/TMEM97 (σ2RTMEM97) has recently been reported. (2, 3) Methods and results: We used genetic and biochemical approaches to identify the molecular mechanism downstream of σ2R/TMEM97. The novel σ2R/TMEM97 fluorescent ligand, NO1, reduced the proliferation and survival of the triple negative breast cancer cell lines (TNBC: MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cell lines), due to NO1-induced apoptosis. Greater bioaccumulation and faster uptake of NO1 in MDA-MB-231 cells compared to MCF10A or MCF7 cell lines were also shown. Accordingly, elevated σ2R/TMEM97 expression was confirmed by Western blotting. In contrast to NO1, other σ2R/TMEM97 ligands, such as SM21 and PB28, enhanced MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation and migration. Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is crucial for different cancer hallmarks. Here, we show that NO1, but not other σ2R/TMEM97 ligands, reduced SOCE in MDA-MB-231 cells. Similarly, TMEM97 silencing in MDA-MB-231 cells also impaired SOCE. NO1 administration downregulated STIM1-Orai1 interaction, probably by impairing the positive regulatory effect of σ2R/TMEM97 on STIM1, as we were unable to detect interaction with Orai1. (4) Conclusion: σ2R/TMEM97 is a key protein for the survival of triple negative breast cancer cells by promoting SOCE; therefore, NO1 may become a good pharmacological tool to avoid their proliferation.

NO1, a new sigma 2 receptor/TMEM97 fluorescent ligand, downregulates SOCE and promotes apoptosis in the triple negative breast cancer cell lines

Abate C.
Investigation
;
Berardi F.
Investigation
;
2020

Abstract

(1) Background: The structure of the Sigma 2 receptor/TMEM97 (σ2RTMEM97) has recently been reported. (2, 3) Methods and results: We used genetic and biochemical approaches to identify the molecular mechanism downstream of σ2R/TMEM97. The novel σ2R/TMEM97 fluorescent ligand, NO1, reduced the proliferation and survival of the triple negative breast cancer cell lines (TNBC: MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cell lines), due to NO1-induced apoptosis. Greater bioaccumulation and faster uptake of NO1 in MDA-MB-231 cells compared to MCF10A or MCF7 cell lines were also shown. Accordingly, elevated σ2R/TMEM97 expression was confirmed by Western blotting. In contrast to NO1, other σ2R/TMEM97 ligands, such as SM21 and PB28, enhanced MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation and migration. Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is crucial for different cancer hallmarks. Here, we show that NO1, but not other σ2R/TMEM97 ligands, reduced SOCE in MDA-MB-231 cells. Similarly, TMEM97 silencing in MDA-MB-231 cells also impaired SOCE. NO1 administration downregulated STIM1-Orai1 interaction, probably by impairing the positive regulatory effect of σ2R/TMEM97 on STIM1, as we were unable to detect interaction with Orai1. (4) Conclusion: σ2R/TMEM97 is a key protein for the survival of triple negative breast cancer cells by promoting SOCE; therefore, NO1 may become a good pharmacological tool to avoid their proliferation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/266225
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