This work is part of our ongoing research in the discovery of multitarget therapeutic agents for Alzheimer's disease (AD). A literature screening, based on our recently proposed pharmacophore, led to the identification of 8-aminomethyl-7-hydroxy-4-methyl coumarins as potential multitarget leads for AD. The results of a computer-assisted protocol developed by us to validate multitarget hits for AD indicated that our coumarin candidates were viable leads only for AChE inhibition as later validated by biological assays. The results of BChE binding and propidium displacement assays indicate that our first generation compounds bind to the PAS site in AChE. We designed new generations of coumarin derivatives with a longer substituent at position 8 aimed at leads with more efficient interaction at the catalytic anionic site (CAS). Inhibition data and docking simulations indicated that an anilino-capping group reached the CAS region of AChE and determined also a higher inhibitory potency towards BChE. The best compound obtained, with a N-benzylpiperidine fragment, displayed sub-micromolar affinity for AChE, affinity for BChE, and precluded Abamyloid aggregation with a potency similar to that of 9,10-anthraquinone, making it a multitarget lead viable for further improvement.

8-Aminomethyl-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarins as Multitarget Leads for Alzheimer's Disease

Catto M.;Pisani L.;Carotti A.;
2016

Abstract

This work is part of our ongoing research in the discovery of multitarget therapeutic agents for Alzheimer's disease (AD). A literature screening, based on our recently proposed pharmacophore, led to the identification of 8-aminomethyl-7-hydroxy-4-methyl coumarins as potential multitarget leads for AD. The results of a computer-assisted protocol developed by us to validate multitarget hits for AD indicated that our coumarin candidates were viable leads only for AChE inhibition as later validated by biological assays. The results of BChE binding and propidium displacement assays indicate that our first generation compounds bind to the PAS site in AChE. We designed new generations of coumarin derivatives with a longer substituent at position 8 aimed at leads with more efficient interaction at the catalytic anionic site (CAS). Inhibition data and docking simulations indicated that an anilino-capping group reached the CAS region of AChE and determined also a higher inhibitory potency towards BChE. The best compound obtained, with a N-benzylpiperidine fragment, displayed sub-micromolar affinity for AChE, affinity for BChE, and precluded Abamyloid aggregation with a potency similar to that of 9,10-anthraquinone, making it a multitarget lead viable for further improvement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/248063
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