So far no effective field applicable therapeutic strategy exists to combat the severe diseases associated to X. fastidiosa. Therefore, various experimental applications to seek for a sustainable approach for the mitigation of the impact of the infections on olive trees were explored. In 2015-2016, four field trials were set in the infected area in southern Italy: (i) trial 1 consisted of an olive grove with medium to high incidence of disease symptoms; (ii) trials 2 and 3 consisted of olive groves with very low incidence of infected and symptomatic trees and (iii) trial 4 was a new plantation with 3-years old Xylella-free olive plants. Applications included (i) different elicitors of plant resistance (fosetyl aluminium, acibenzolar-S-methyl, COS-OGA, σ–β Hairpin proteins, cerevisanae) and (ii) Nacetylcysteine (NAC), a mucolytic agent previously showed to have a beneficial impact in reducing symptoms associated to X. fastidiosa in citrus (1). Periodic surveys included (i) sampling for laboratory tests to determine the incidence of the infections; (ii) symptom scoring using 0-5 empirical scale of severity. The overall results showed that only the treatments with NAC, through endotherapy and/or complexed to organic substances added to the soil, determined a noticeable amelioration of the symptoms. None of the elicitors produced any measurable positive impact on the diseased trees. These preliminary encouraging results, prompted for further targeted experiments currently ongoing.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of field treatments to reduce the impact of Xylella fastidiosa infections in olive trees|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.2 Abstract in Atti di convegno|