Herein the evolution in the development of new sigma () receptor ligands since the middle ’90s by our re-search group is reported. In the effort to contribute to the identification of the structural features for high-affinity ligandsselective versus serotonin, dopamine and other CNS-related receptors, two general classes of (naphthalene)alkylamine compounds were prepared and explored, with the aim of addressing the affinities toward the two recognized receptor subtypes. The common template of these compounds was mainly an unsubstituted or methoxy-substituted naphthalene or tetralin nucleus, linked by an alkyl spacer to a substituted piperazine or piperidine ring. The design of new ligands was thought keeping in mind their possible application as PET diagnostic tools and fluorescence tools. High-affinity 2 recep-tor ligands were found among N-cyclohexylpiperazine derivatives, such as 1-cyclohexyl-4-[3-(5-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)propyl]piperazine (3) (PB 28), when they were assayed in radioligand binding with [3H]-DTG in rat liver. Unfortunately, these ligands were all devoid of a significant selectivity relative to1 receptor whose binding was assayed with (+)-[3H]-pentazocine in guinea pig brain. Nevertheless, compound 3 had previously shown to be 40-fold selective with a slightly different binding method in animals’ tissues. Moreover, it demonstrated 46-fold and 59-fold 2versus1 receptor binding selectivity in MCF7 and MCF7 ADR tumor cell lines respectively. In the class of piperazines, also high-affinity 1 receptor ligands were found, possibly due to the presence of a double N-atom and an additional re-verse mode of binding. Piperidine derivatives were investigated as high-affinity and selective 1 receptor ligands leading to some 3,3-dimethylpiperidines such as 3,3-dimethyl-1-[3-(6-methoxynaphthalen-1-yl)propyl]piperidine (69) which re-sulted to be highly selective relative to the 2 receptor. For the best ligands, functional assays were conducted in order to investigate agonist/antagonist activity. The effect of chirality in the intermediate methyl-alkyl chain was explored for a class of 4-methylpiperidines linked to some (4-chlorophenoxy)alkyl moieties, and compound (–)-(S)-92 emerged as the most selective 1 relative to 2 receptor ligand.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||1-Cyclohexylpiperazine and 3,3-Dimethylpiperidine Derivatives as Sigma-1 (σ1) and Sigma-2 (σ2) Receptor Ligands: A Review|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|