Three batches of three Italian ewes’ milk cheeses (Canestrato Pugliese, Fiore Sardo and Pecorino Romano), which were manufactured under the Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO), were compared for microbiological, compositional, biochemical, volatile profile and sensory characteristics. After ca. 1 year of ripening, the three cheeses had a complex microbial population, composed mainly of non-starter lactic acid bacteria (NSLAB); several species of mesophilic lactobacilli and enterococci were identified. Pecorino Romano had a very high level of NaCl, 8.770.1% w/w. The level of pH 4.6-soluble nitrogen increased in the order: Canestrato Pugliese>Fiore Sardo>Pecorino Romano. Urea-PAGE electrophoresis showed that the hydrolysis of as1-casein was more consistent than b-casein. RP-HPLC profiles of the ethanol-soluble and ethanol-insoluble fractions of the pH 4.6-soluble nitrogen showed differences between the cheeses which agreed with the content of free amino acids. Glutamic acid, histidine, valine, isoleucine, leucine and phenylalanine were the free amino acids present at the highest levels in all the cheeses. Sixty-two volatile components were identified by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry analysis of steam distillates of the cheeses. The volatile profile of the three cheeses differed significantly. Esters were the main volatiles in the Canestrato Pugliese cheese but were the lowest in Fiore Sardo cheese. Ketones and alcohols were the principal class of volatile components in Fiore Sardo and Pecorino Romano cheeses, respectively. Lactones and products of the breakdown of the sulphur-containingamino acids were found at considerable levels in all cheeses, but aldehydes were present at low levels. Only 30 carboxylic acids were identified; Canestrato Pugliese had the highest content of total acids. Butanoic, hexanoic, octanoic and decanoic acids represented the 30–33% of the total carboxylic acids in the cheeses. The cheeses were subjected to descriptive sensory analysis; 19 discriminatingand 2 descriptive attributes were analysed by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The sensory characteristics of the three ewes’ milk cheeses were distinct.

Comparison of the microbiological, compositional, biochemical, volatile profile and sensory characteristics of the three Italian PDO ewes milk cheeses

DI CAGNO, RAFFAELLA;GOBBETTI, Marco
2003

Abstract

Three batches of three Italian ewes’ milk cheeses (Canestrato Pugliese, Fiore Sardo and Pecorino Romano), which were manufactured under the Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO), were compared for microbiological, compositional, biochemical, volatile profile and sensory characteristics. After ca. 1 year of ripening, the three cheeses had a complex microbial population, composed mainly of non-starter lactic acid bacteria (NSLAB); several species of mesophilic lactobacilli and enterococci were identified. Pecorino Romano had a very high level of NaCl, 8.770.1% w/w. The level of pH 4.6-soluble nitrogen increased in the order: Canestrato Pugliese>Fiore Sardo>Pecorino Romano. Urea-PAGE electrophoresis showed that the hydrolysis of as1-casein was more consistent than b-casein. RP-HPLC profiles of the ethanol-soluble and ethanol-insoluble fractions of the pH 4.6-soluble nitrogen showed differences between the cheeses which agreed with the content of free amino acids. Glutamic acid, histidine, valine, isoleucine, leucine and phenylalanine were the free amino acids present at the highest levels in all the cheeses. Sixty-two volatile components were identified by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry analysis of steam distillates of the cheeses. The volatile profile of the three cheeses differed significantly. Esters were the main volatiles in the Canestrato Pugliese cheese but were the lowest in Fiore Sardo cheese. Ketones and alcohols were the principal class of volatile components in Fiore Sardo and Pecorino Romano cheeses, respectively. Lactones and products of the breakdown of the sulphur-containingamino acids were found at considerable levels in all cheeses, but aldehydes were present at low levels. Only 30 carboxylic acids were identified; Canestrato Pugliese had the highest content of total acids. Butanoic, hexanoic, octanoic and decanoic acids represented the 30–33% of the total carboxylic acids in the cheeses. The cheeses were subjected to descriptive sensory analysis; 19 discriminatingand 2 descriptive attributes were analysed by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The sensory characteristics of the three ewes’ milk cheeses were distinct.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/132248
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