We demonstrate that F281, a synthetic agonist of the sigma-2 receptor (s2R), induces a non transient increase in intracellular [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i) and cell death in SK-N-SH cells. Sigma receptors are classified into two subtypes, with different molecular weight and tissue distribution. While the sigma-1 receptor has been cloned, the s2r is less characterized and its physiological ligand and role need further investigation. In tumour cell lines, synthetic agonists of the s2R trigger apoptosis and modulate [Ca2+]i. In particular, CB-64D induces a Ca2+ response while PB28 supresses Ca2+ signalling. We have recently synthesized F281, by replacing the 5-methoxytetraline moiety of PB28 with a carbazole nucleus. Although this bioisosteric substitution should not affect the ligand affinity at the receptor, F281 (after 24 h incubation) was more cytotoxic than PB28 (EC50 values 65.4 nM and 8.13 μM, respectively) in SK-N-SH cells. We used the fluorescent probes fura-2, rhod-2 and JC-1. F281 mobilizes Ca2+ from mitochondria and from the endoplasmic reticulum, by opening its inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor; Ca2+-entry through the channels activated by store depletion was also observed. After the increase in [Ca2+]i and within 10 min, we observed a sudden drop in metabolic activity and intracellular [ATP] leading to cell death.

F281, synthetic agonist of the sigma-2 receptor, induces Ca2+ efflux from the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria in SK-N-SH cells

CASSANO, Giuseppe;GASPARRE, GIUSEPPE;NISO, MAURO;CONTINO, MARIALESSANDRA;SCALERA, Vito Dom. E.;COLABUFO, Nicola Antonio
2009

Abstract

We demonstrate that F281, a synthetic agonist of the sigma-2 receptor (s2R), induces a non transient increase in intracellular [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i) and cell death in SK-N-SH cells. Sigma receptors are classified into two subtypes, with different molecular weight and tissue distribution. While the sigma-1 receptor has been cloned, the s2r is less characterized and its physiological ligand and role need further investigation. In tumour cell lines, synthetic agonists of the s2R trigger apoptosis and modulate [Ca2+]i. In particular, CB-64D induces a Ca2+ response while PB28 supresses Ca2+ signalling. We have recently synthesized F281, by replacing the 5-methoxytetraline moiety of PB28 with a carbazole nucleus. Although this bioisosteric substitution should not affect the ligand affinity at the receptor, F281 (after 24 h incubation) was more cytotoxic than PB28 (EC50 values 65.4 nM and 8.13 μM, respectively) in SK-N-SH cells. We used the fluorescent probes fura-2, rhod-2 and JC-1. F281 mobilizes Ca2+ from mitochondria and from the endoplasmic reticulum, by opening its inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor; Ca2+-entry through the channels activated by store depletion was also observed. After the increase in [Ca2+]i and within 10 min, we observed a sudden drop in metabolic activity and intracellular [ATP] leading to cell death.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/130403
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