This study aimed at investigating the antifungalactivity of sourdoughfermented (Lactobacillus plantarum LB1 and Lactobacillus rossiae LB5) wheatgerm (SFWG). Preliminarily, methanol and water/salt-soluble extracts from SFWG were assayed by agar diffusion towards Penicillium roqueforti DPPMAF1. As shown by hyphal radial growth rate, the water/salt-soluble extract showed the inhibition of various fungi isolated from bakeries. The antifungalactivity was attributed to a mixture of organic acids and peptides which were synthesized during fermentation. Formic (24.7 mM) acid showed the highest antifungalactivity. Four peptides, having similarities with well known antifungal sequences, were identified and chemically synthesized. The minimal inhibitory concentration was 2.5–15.2 mg/ml. Slices of bread made by addition of 4% (wt/wt) of freeze dried SFWG were packed in polyethylene bags and stored at room temperature. Slices did not show contamination by fungi until at least 28 days of storage and behaved as the calcium propionate (0.3%, wt/wt).

Antifungal activity of sourdough fermented wheat germ used as an ingredient for bread making

RIZZELLO, CARLO GIUSEPPE;GOBBETTI, Marco
2011

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating the antifungalactivity of sourdoughfermented (Lactobacillus plantarum LB1 and Lactobacillus rossiae LB5) wheatgerm (SFWG). Preliminarily, methanol and water/salt-soluble extracts from SFWG were assayed by agar diffusion towards Penicillium roqueforti DPPMAF1. As shown by hyphal radial growth rate, the water/salt-soluble extract showed the inhibition of various fungi isolated from bakeries. The antifungalactivity was attributed to a mixture of organic acids and peptides which were synthesized during fermentation. Formic (24.7 mM) acid showed the highest antifungalactivity. Four peptides, having similarities with well known antifungal sequences, were identified and chemically synthesized. The minimal inhibitory concentration was 2.5–15.2 mg/ml. Slices of bread made by addition of 4% (wt/wt) of freeze dried SFWG were packed in polyethylene bags and stored at room temperature. Slices did not show contamination by fungi until at least 28 days of storage and behaved as the calcium propionate (0.3%, wt/wt).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/115488
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