BACKGROUND: Group C rotaviruses are recognized enteric pathogens of humans and animals. Human group C rotaviruses have been associated with sporadic episodes and large outbreaks of gastroenteritis in children and adults but their epidemiology and ecology are still unexplored. OBJECTIVES: To collect epidemiological data on group C rotavirus infections among children with gastroenteritis in Hungary and perform molecular characterization on the identified strains. STUDY DESIGN: Fecal samples were collected during the 2003 surveillance in Baranya County, Hungary. The presence of group C rotavirus RNA was investigated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and by reverse transcription-nested polymerase chain reaction for the VP6 gene. The identified strains were further characterized by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the VP7, VP6, VP4, and NSP4 genes. RESULTS: Three of 472 samples (0.6%) tested positive for group C rotavirus. Two samples were selected for molecular analysis. Strains BaC 6104/03 and BaC 11549/03 displayed an overall identity of >99.8% and 99.3% at the nucleotide and amino acid level, respectively. The VP7 of the strain BaC 6104/03 was most closely related (99.5% aa) to the Nigerian strain Jajeri, while the VP4s of strains BaC 6104/03 and BaC 11549/03 were more similar (98.1% aa) to strains Belem and 208, detected in Brazil and China, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Based on this 1-year study, we conclude that group C rotaviruses are not of epidemiological relevance in the etiology of childhood acute gastroenteritis in Hungary. The low sequence divergence between the Hungarian strains suggested that a single group C rotavirus strain circulated in this period in the study area.
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|Titolo:||Prevalence and molecular characterization of human group C rotaviruses in Hungary.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Citazione:||Prevalence and molecular characterization of human group C rotaviruses in Hungary. / Banyai, K; Jiang, B; Horvth, B; Jakab, F; Bogdn, ; Martella, Vito; Melegh, B; And, Sz; Cs, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL VIROLOGY. - ISSN 1386-6532. - 37(4)(2006), pp. 317-322.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|