Cognition and social cognition anomalies in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) have been largely documented, but the degree of overlap between the two disorders remains unclear in this regard. We used machine learning to generate and combine two classifiers based on cognitive and socio-cognitive variables, thus delivering unimodal and multimodal signatures aimed at discriminating BD and SCZ from two independent groups of Healthy Controls (HC1 and HC2 respectively). Multimodal signatures discriminated well between patients and controls in both the HC1-BD and HC2-SCZ cohorts. Although specific disease-related deficits were characterized, the HC1 vs. BD signature successfully discriminated HC2 from SCZ, and vice-versa. Such combined signatures allowed to identify also individuals at First Episode of Psychosis (FEP), but not subjects at Clinical High Risk (CHR), which were classified neither as patients nor as HC. These findings suggest that both trans-diagnostic and disease-specific cognitive and socio-cognitive deficits characterize SCZ and BD. Anomalous patterns in these domains are also relevant to early stages of disease and offer novel insights for personalized rehabilitative programs.

Similarities and differences between multivariate patterns of cognitive and socio-cognitive deficits in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and related risk

Raio, Alessandra;Pergola, Giulio;Rampino, Antonio;Russo, Marianna;D'Ambrosio, Enrico;Selvaggi, Pierluigi;Altamura, Mario;Bertolino, Alessandro;Antonucci, Linda A
;
Blasi, Giuseppe
2023-01-01

Abstract

Cognition and social cognition anomalies in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) have been largely documented, but the degree of overlap between the two disorders remains unclear in this regard. We used machine learning to generate and combine two classifiers based on cognitive and socio-cognitive variables, thus delivering unimodal and multimodal signatures aimed at discriminating BD and SCZ from two independent groups of Healthy Controls (HC1 and HC2 respectively). Multimodal signatures discriminated well between patients and controls in both the HC1-BD and HC2-SCZ cohorts. Although specific disease-related deficits were characterized, the HC1 vs. BD signature successfully discriminated HC2 from SCZ, and vice-versa. Such combined signatures allowed to identify also individuals at First Episode of Psychosis (FEP), but not subjects at Clinical High Risk (CHR), which were classified neither as patients nor as HC. These findings suggest that both trans-diagnostic and disease-specific cognitive and socio-cognitive deficits characterize SCZ and BD. Anomalous patterns in these domains are also relevant to early stages of disease and offer novel insights for personalized rehabilitative programs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/421254
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