Bone fractures are a widespread clinical event due to accidental falls and trauma or bone fragility; they also occur in association with various diseases and are common with aging. In the search for new therapeutic strategies, a crucial link between irisin and bone fractures has recently emerged. To explore this issue, we subjected 8-week-old C57BL/6 male mice to tibial fracture, and then we treated them with intra-peritoneal injection of r-Irisin (100 µg/kg/weekly) or vehicle as control. At day 10 post fracture, histological analysis showed a significant reduced expression of inflammatory cytokines as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) (p = 0.004) and macrophage inflammatory protein-alpha (MIP-1α) (p = 0.015) in the cartilaginous callus of irisin-treated mice compared to controls, supporting irisin’s anti-inflammatory role. We also found increased expressions of the pro-angiogenic molecule vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (p = 0.002) and the metalloproteinase MMP-13 (p = 0.0006) in the irisin-treated mice compared to the vehicle ones, suggesting a myokine involvement in angiogenesis and cartilage matrix degradation processes. Moreover, the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP2) expression was also upregulated (p = 0.002). Taken together, our findings suggest that irisin can contribute to fracture repair by reducing inflammation and promoting vessel invasion, matrix degradation, and bone formation, supporting its possible role as a novel molecule for fracture treatment.

Irisin Modulates Inflammatory, Angiogenic, and Osteogenic Factors during Fracture Healing

Angela Oranger;Roberta Zerlotin;Cinzia Buccoliero;Lorenzo Sanesi;Giuseppina Storlino;Giorgio Mori;Graziana Colaianni;Silvia Colucci;Maria Grano
2023-01-01

Abstract

Bone fractures are a widespread clinical event due to accidental falls and trauma or bone fragility; they also occur in association with various diseases and are common with aging. In the search for new therapeutic strategies, a crucial link between irisin and bone fractures has recently emerged. To explore this issue, we subjected 8-week-old C57BL/6 male mice to tibial fracture, and then we treated them with intra-peritoneal injection of r-Irisin (100 µg/kg/weekly) or vehicle as control. At day 10 post fracture, histological analysis showed a significant reduced expression of inflammatory cytokines as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) (p = 0.004) and macrophage inflammatory protein-alpha (MIP-1α) (p = 0.015) in the cartilaginous callus of irisin-treated mice compared to controls, supporting irisin’s anti-inflammatory role. We also found increased expressions of the pro-angiogenic molecule vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (p = 0.002) and the metalloproteinase MMP-13 (p = 0.0006) in the irisin-treated mice compared to the vehicle ones, suggesting a myokine involvement in angiogenesis and cartilage matrix degradation processes. Moreover, the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP2) expression was also upregulated (p = 0.002). Taken together, our findings suggest that irisin can contribute to fracture repair by reducing inflammation and promoting vessel invasion, matrix degradation, and bone formation, supporting its possible role as a novel molecule for fracture treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/418180
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