In the Judgment of 19th of May 2021, in Case T-628/20, the General Court recognizes the legitimacy of the European Commission’s decision concerning a Spanish aid scheme, established in 2020, in order to support viable undertakings, considered systemic or strategic for the national economy. The aid scheme is justified taking into account the sanitary, social and economic emergency due to the impact of the COVID 19 pandemic. This paper analyzes the Judgment and deals with the interpretation given to the concept of “aid scheme”, on one side, and on the other with the interpretations of the derogation laid down in Article 107(3)(b) TFEU and of the “Temporary Framework for State aid”. It is of interest to examine the reasons for which the General Court considers the Spanish recapitalization measures justified, even though the beneficiaries must be established in Spain and have their principal places of business in its territory. Therefore, according to the General Court, the aid does not infringe the principle of non-discrimination on grounds of nationality.

La legitimidad del fondo de apoyo a la solvencia de empresas estratégicas para la economía española en tiempos de covid-19. La sentencia del Tribunal general Ryanair dac/Comisión

Valeria Di Comite
2022-01-01

Abstract

In the Judgment of 19th of May 2021, in Case T-628/20, the General Court recognizes the legitimacy of the European Commission’s decision concerning a Spanish aid scheme, established in 2020, in order to support viable undertakings, considered systemic or strategic for the national economy. The aid scheme is justified taking into account the sanitary, social and economic emergency due to the impact of the COVID 19 pandemic. This paper analyzes the Judgment and deals with the interpretation given to the concept of “aid scheme”, on one side, and on the other with the interpretations of the derogation laid down in Article 107(3)(b) TFEU and of the “Temporary Framework for State aid”. It is of interest to examine the reasons for which the General Court considers the Spanish recapitalization measures justified, even though the beneficiaries must be established in Spain and have their principal places of business in its territory. Therefore, according to the General Court, the aid does not infringe the principle of non-discrimination on grounds of nationality.
Dans son arrêt du 19 mai 2021 - Ryanair DAC/Commission, dans l’affaire T628/20, le Tribunal a considéré comme légitime la décision de la Commission européenne relative aux aides espagnoles destinées à la recapitalisation d’entreprises systémiques et stratégiques pour l’économie nationale. Cette aide a été considérée comme justifiable par le caractère exceptionnel de la situation d’urgence sanitaire, sociale et économique provoquée par la pandémie de COVID-19 en 2020. Cet article se concentre sur l’interprétation par le Tribunal, d’une part, de la notion de « régime d’aides d’État » et, d’autre part, de la dérogation prévue à l'article 107, paragraphe 2, point b), également à la lumière du « Encadrement temporaire » de mars 2020. Il est particulièrement intéressant d’examiner les motifs de l’arrêt qui, dans cette situation exceptionnelle, justifient selon le Tribunal l’octroi de « régimes d’aides » sous forme d’instruments de capitalisation à des entreprises établies uniquement dans l’État membre qui accorde l’aide, en dérogation au principe fondamental de non-discrimination en raison de la nationalité.
En la sentencia de 19 de mayo de 2021, asunto T-628/20, el Tribunal General decide que es legitima la decisión de la Comisión Europea que autoriza el régimen de ayudas español dirigido a realizar un Fondo de apoyo para la recapitalización del las empresas sistémicas y estratégicas para la economía nacional. La ayuda se justifica debido a la excepcionalidad de la situación de emergencia sanitaria, económica y social causada por la pandemia da COVID-19. Este Comentario se detiene, por una parte, en la interpretación del Tribunal relativa al concepto de «régimen de ayudas» y, por la otra, en el examen de la excepción establecida en la letra b) del apartado 2 del Artículo 107 TFUE a la luz del «marco temporal» de marzo de 2020. Resulta interesante examinar las motivaciones de la sentencia que, en esta situación de emergencia, según el Tribunal General justifican la concesión de un «régimen de ayudas» dirigido a la recapitalización de las solas empresas que tienen su domicilio social y sus principales centros de trabajos en el Estado Miembro concedente, cómo excepción del fundamental principio de no discriminación por razón de nacionalidad.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2022-RDCE71_04_DI COMITE.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Testo completo
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 120.92 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
120.92 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/412271
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact