The search for efficient and effective performance has always been a central theme in public management studies. The current context has seen a significant impact from the pandemic on the methods used to carry out work tasks. Therefore, a reflection on the evolution of work conditions within the public sector toward managerial efficiency and effectiveness seems particularly relevant. In the Italian context, more than 10 years have passed since the so-called “Brunetta reform” (from the name of the then Minister of Public Administration, who this year found himself in the same role), which addressed the optimization of public work productivity and the efficiency and transparency of public administrations. This regulatory intervention constitutes a milestone for the Italian public administration, and numerous studies have already been produced on its impact on the management of the Italian public sector. Among the central elements of the correct application of this reform are the role of technological change and the ability of management to use new technological solutions to increase the efficiency of production processes. Information and communication technologies (ICT) and the digital governance era have posed important challenges by stimulating public organizations’ capacity for innovation. These elements were particularly relevant during the pandemic period, with the almost obligatory use by all public administrations of more or less intense forms of smart working. Starting from these premises, this work will use a case study of the Municipality of Ferrara. More specifically, the analysis will focus on the business unit of “human resources management” and examine four temporal phases, which will be divided according to the technological evolutions that have characterized the organization. In particular, we will analyze the opportunities that influence the management of human resources, such as technological innovation, communication with service users, salary, and finally the “informal employee network.” The latter is represented by the balance between rigid and formal personnel management with a more unofficial and informal approach, which can improve the organizational climate and induce employees to work with greater impulse and dedication. A fundamental aspect is represented by a coherent evaluation system, which allows efficient performance measurement and encourages employees to improve their performance through reward systems. The case in question presents the opportunity for a more general analysis of the management systems of human resources management—a central element in the current scenario of the public administration, which is trying to recover from the pandemic emergency—while also taking advantage of what has been learned during that event.

The evolution of the roles of ICT and digitization in public administration and more efficient and effective management of human resources

Badia, Francesco
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The search for efficient and effective performance has always been a central theme in public management studies. The current context has seen a significant impact from the pandemic on the methods used to carry out work tasks. Therefore, a reflection on the evolution of work conditions within the public sector toward managerial efficiency and effectiveness seems particularly relevant. In the Italian context, more than 10 years have passed since the so-called “Brunetta reform” (from the name of the then Minister of Public Administration, who this year found himself in the same role), which addressed the optimization of public work productivity and the efficiency and transparency of public administrations. This regulatory intervention constitutes a milestone for the Italian public administration, and numerous studies have already been produced on its impact on the management of the Italian public sector. Among the central elements of the correct application of this reform are the role of technological change and the ability of management to use new technological solutions to increase the efficiency of production processes. Information and communication technologies (ICT) and the digital governance era have posed important challenges by stimulating public organizations’ capacity for innovation. These elements were particularly relevant during the pandemic period, with the almost obligatory use by all public administrations of more or less intense forms of smart working. Starting from these premises, this work will use a case study of the Municipality of Ferrara. More specifically, the analysis will focus on the business unit of “human resources management” and examine four temporal phases, which will be divided according to the technological evolutions that have characterized the organization. In particular, we will analyze the opportunities that influence the management of human resources, such as technological innovation, communication with service users, salary, and finally the “informal employee network.” The latter is represented by the balance between rigid and formal personnel management with a more unofficial and informal approach, which can improve the organizational climate and induce employees to work with greater impulse and dedication. A fundamental aspect is represented by a coherent evaluation system, which allows efficient performance measurement and encourages employees to improve their performance through reward systems. The case in question presents the opportunity for a more general analysis of the management systems of human resources management—a central element in the current scenario of the public administration, which is trying to recover from the pandemic emergency—while also taking advantage of what has been learned during that event.
9782931089187
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/381549
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact