Voice features from everyday phone conversations are regarded as a sensitive digital marker of mood phases in bipolar disorder. At the same time, although acoustic data collected from smartphones are relatively large, their psychiatric labelling is usually very limited, and there is still a need for intelligent and interpretable approaches to process such multiple data streams with a low percentage of labelling. Furthermore, both acoustic data and psychiatric labels are subject to several sources of uncertainty (e.g., irregular phone usage, background noises, subjectivity in psychiatric evaluation). To cope with these characteristics of an acoustic data stream, this paper introduces an intelligent qualitative and quantitative analysis based on the Dynamic Incremental Semi-Supervised Fuzzy C-Means algorithm (DISSFCM) for supporting bipolar disorder monitoring. The proposed approach is illustrated with real-life data collected from smartphones and psychiatric assessments of a bipolar disorder patient. Analysis of the dynamics of data streams basing on the cluster prototypes from fuzzy semi-supervised learning is a highly novel approach. It is also showed that the DISSFCM algorithm obtains relatively high classification performance (accuracy ranging from 0.66 to 0.76) already with 25% labelling percentage, thanks to the splitting mechanism that is adapting the number of clusters to the structure of data.

Intelligent analysis of data streams about phone calls for bipolar disorder monitoring

Gabriella Casalino;Giovanna Castellano;
2021

Abstract

Voice features from everyday phone conversations are regarded as a sensitive digital marker of mood phases in bipolar disorder. At the same time, although acoustic data collected from smartphones are relatively large, their psychiatric labelling is usually very limited, and there is still a need for intelligent and interpretable approaches to process such multiple data streams with a low percentage of labelling. Furthermore, both acoustic data and psychiatric labels are subject to several sources of uncertainty (e.g., irregular phone usage, background noises, subjectivity in psychiatric evaluation). To cope with these characteristics of an acoustic data stream, this paper introduces an intelligent qualitative and quantitative analysis based on the Dynamic Incremental Semi-Supervised Fuzzy C-Means algorithm (DISSFCM) for supporting bipolar disorder monitoring. The proposed approach is illustrated with real-life data collected from smartphones and psychiatric assessments of a bipolar disorder patient. Analysis of the dynamics of data streams basing on the cluster prototypes from fuzzy semi-supervised learning is a highly novel approach. It is also showed that the DISSFCM algorithm obtains relatively high classification performance (accuracy ranging from 0.66 to 0.76) already with 25% labelling percentage, thanks to the splitting mechanism that is adapting the number of clusters to the structure of data.
978-1-6654-4407-1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/373023
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