Quantitative anti-Leishmania antibody titres are critical in the management of dogs with leishmaniosis,from diagnosis to treatment and follow-up, and there is a paucity of data relating changes in antibodytitres to sand fly vector seasonality. This study aimed to evaluate seasonal variations in anti-Leishmaniainfantum antibody titres in dogs from a hyperendemic area for canine leishmaniosis (CanL). Leishmaniainfantum-seropositive and clinically healthy dogs (n = 65) were sampled in June 2019 (sand fly season)and again in February-March 2020 (non-transmission season) to monitor clinical status and serologicaltitres.There was a reduction in anti-L. infantum antibody titres during the non-transmission season in mostdogs (n = 36; 55.4%), and 44% of those dogs (n = 16/36) became seronegative (i.e. below the cut-off value of1:80). Given the relevance of serology to epidemiological, preventive and clinical studies related to CanL,seasonal variations in antibody titres are important in areas where phlebotomine vectors have seasonalpatterns of activity. Sand fly seasonal period must be considered in the interpretation of annual anti-L.infantum antibody screening test results in asymptomatic dogs, to make clinical decisions about staging,treatment and prevention.

Seasonal variation in canine anti-Leishmania infantum antibody titres

maria alfonsa cavalera;roberta iatta;rossella panarese;jairo alfonso mendoza-roldan;floriana gernone;domenico otranto;andrea zatelli
2021-01-01

Abstract

Quantitative anti-Leishmania antibody titres are critical in the management of dogs with leishmaniosis,from diagnosis to treatment and follow-up, and there is a paucity of data relating changes in antibodytitres to sand fly vector seasonality. This study aimed to evaluate seasonal variations in anti-Leishmaniainfantum antibody titres in dogs from a hyperendemic area for canine leishmaniosis (CanL). Leishmaniainfantum-seropositive and clinically healthy dogs (n = 65) were sampled in June 2019 (sand fly season)and again in February-March 2020 (non-transmission season) to monitor clinical status and serologicaltitres.There was a reduction in anti-L. infantum antibody titres during the non-transmission season in mostdogs (n = 36; 55.4%), and 44% of those dogs (n = 16/36) became seronegative (i.e. below the cut-off value of1:80). Given the relevance of serology to epidemiological, preventive and clinical studies related to CanL,seasonal variations in antibody titres are important in areas where phlebotomine vectors have seasonalpatterns of activity. Sand fly seasonal period must be considered in the interpretation of annual anti-L.infantum antibody screening test results in asymptomatic dogs, to make clinical decisions about staging,treatment and prevention.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/363101
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