A quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) sensor for H2S detection operating in near-infrared spectral range is reported. The optical source is an erbium-doped fiber amplified laser with watt-level optical power. The QEPAS spectrophone is composed of a quartz tuning fork with a resonance frequency of 7.2 kHz, a quality factor of 8500, and a distance between prongs of 800 μm, and two tubes with a radius of 1.3 mm and a length of 23 mm acting as an organ pipe resonator. With this spectrophone geometry, the photothermal noise contribution of the spectrophone was removed and the theoretical thermal noise level was achieved. The position of both tubes with respect to custom quartz tuning fork has been investigated as a function of signal amplitude, Q-factor, and noise of the QEPAS sensor when a high-power laser was used. Benefit from the linearity of the QEPAS signal to the excitation laser power, a detection sensitivity of 330 ppb for H2S detection was achieved at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, when the laser power was 1.6 W and the signal integration time was set to 300 ms, corresponding to a normalized noise equivalent absorption of 3.15 × 10-9 W cm-1/(Hz)1/2. The QEPAS sensor was then validated by measuring H2S in a biogas sample.
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|Titolo:||Near-infrared quartz-enhanced photoacoustic sensor for H2S detection in biogas|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|