Canine angiostrongylosis is a cardiopulmonary disease emerging in Europe which can be fatal if left untreated. The aim of the present study is to report the laboratory and imaging findings of 5 asymptomatic cases of canine angiostrongylosis and to report the results of faecal monitoring by Baermann test during therapy. The occasional detection of L1 in the faeces of dogs referred for routinary visit suggests that faecal samples can reveal asymptomatic subjects allowing to establish an appropriate treatment before the onset of potentially lethal lesions. A highly variable response was registered at fecal monitoring during treatment in the dogs probably associated to the host and/or to the parasite. To monitor the response to treatment serial tests are needed; the limits of Baermann test are known and a single negative result does not mean control of infection confirming the importance to develop new tests to reach diagnosis and improve monitoring after treatment.
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