Purpose Short stature is a common clinical presentation, thus it is widely accepted that it is a polygenic trait. However, genome wide association and next generation sequencing studies have recently challenged this view, suggesting that many of the children classified as idiopathic short stature could instead have monogenic defects. Linear growth is determined primarily by chondrogenesis at the growth plate. This process results from chondrocyte proliferation, hypertrophy, and extracellular matrix secretion, and it is perfectly coordinated by complex networks of local paracrine and endocrine factors. Alterations in genes which control growth plate development can explain a large number of cases of isolated short stature, allowing an etiological diagnosis. Methods/Results We reviewed recent data on the genetic alterations in fundamental cellular processes, paracrine signaling, and cartilage matrix formation associated with impaired growth plate chondrogenesis. In particular we focused on growth plate gene involvement in nonsyndromic short stature. Conclusions The identification of genetic basis of growth failure will have a significant impact on the care of children affected with short stature.

Growth Plate Gene Involment and Isolated Short Stature

Maria Felicia Faienza;Mariangela Chiarito;Giacomina Brunetti;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose Short stature is a common clinical presentation, thus it is widely accepted that it is a polygenic trait. However, genome wide association and next generation sequencing studies have recently challenged this view, suggesting that many of the children classified as idiopathic short stature could instead have monogenic defects. Linear growth is determined primarily by chondrogenesis at the growth plate. This process results from chondrocyte proliferation, hypertrophy, and extracellular matrix secretion, and it is perfectly coordinated by complex networks of local paracrine and endocrine factors. Alterations in genes which control growth plate development can explain a large number of cases of isolated short stature, allowing an etiological diagnosis. Methods/Results We reviewed recent data on the genetic alterations in fundamental cellular processes, paracrine signaling, and cartilage matrix formation associated with impaired growth plate chondrogenesis. In particular we focused on growth plate gene involvement in nonsyndromic short stature. Conclusions The identification of genetic basis of growth failure will have a significant impact on the care of children affected with short stature.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/300295
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact