NR5A1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 1) is a transcriptional regulator of adrenal and gonadal development and function. Heterozygous and homozygous NR5A1 mutations have been described in people with 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD). The clinical, endocrine, and genetic features of four 46,XY subjects with NR5A1 genetic variants (2 sisters, 2 boys) from 3 unrelated families are reported. All subjects presented with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and abnormal pubertal progression. Markers of Sertoli cell function were more affected than those of Leydig cell function. Genetic investigation demonstrated the presence of different heterozygous NR5A1 genetic variants. In the boys, pathogenetic NR5A1 gene variants were found that had been previously reported. The 2 sisters carried a new genetic variant in exon 4, and in silico analysis and ACMG classification indicated its pathogenicity. The data confirmed that NR5A1 gene mutations may present with variable genital phenotypes. Anyway, reproductive function was always impaired. Any clinical or endocrine data seem to be unable to differentiate these patients from other 46,XY DSD cases, suggesting that molecular analysis must be warranted. In subjects with NR5A1 mutations, different decisions in sex assignment may permit satisfying somatic and psychological outcome, but any option requires hormonal substitutive therapy from adolescence onward.

NR5A1 Gene Variants: Variable Phenotypes, New Variants, Different Outcomes

Faienza MF;Chiarito M;Savino C;Paradies G;
2020-01-01

Abstract

NR5A1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 1) is a transcriptional regulator of adrenal and gonadal development and function. Heterozygous and homozygous NR5A1 mutations have been described in people with 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD). The clinical, endocrine, and genetic features of four 46,XY subjects with NR5A1 genetic variants (2 sisters, 2 boys) from 3 unrelated families are reported. All subjects presented with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and abnormal pubertal progression. Markers of Sertoli cell function were more affected than those of Leydig cell function. Genetic investigation demonstrated the presence of different heterozygous NR5A1 genetic variants. In the boys, pathogenetic NR5A1 gene variants were found that had been previously reported. The 2 sisters carried a new genetic variant in exon 4, and in silico analysis and ACMG classification indicated its pathogenicity. The data confirmed that NR5A1 gene mutations may present with variable genital phenotypes. Anyway, reproductive function was always impaired. Any clinical or endocrine data seem to be unable to differentiate these patients from other 46,XY DSD cases, suggesting that molecular analysis must be warranted. In subjects with NR5A1 mutations, different decisions in sex assignment may permit satisfying somatic and psychological outcome, but any option requires hormonal substitutive therapy from adolescence onward.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/298600
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