Hepadnaviruses infect several animal species. The prototype species, human hepatitis B virus (HBV), increases the risk of liver diseases and may cause cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Recently a novel hepadnavirus, similar to HBV, has been identified through transcriptomics studies in a domestic cat with large cell lymphoma in Australia. Herewith, a collection of 390 feline serum samples was screened for hepadnavirus. Overall, the virus was identified in 10.8% of the sera with a significantly higher prevalence (17.8%) in the sera of animals with a clinical suspect of infectious disease. Upon genome sequencing, the virus was closely related (97.0% nt identity) to the prototype Australian feline virus Sydney 2016. The mean and median values of hepadnavirus in the feline sera were 1.3 x 10(6) and 2.1 x 10(4) genome copies per mL (range 3.3 x 10(0)-2.5 x 10(7) genome copies per mL). For a subset of hepadnavirus-positive samples, information on the hemato-chemical parameters was available and in 10/20 animals a profile suggestive of liver damage was present. Also, in 7/10 animals with suspected hepatic disease, virus load was > 104 genome copies per mL, i. e. above the threshold considered at risk of active hepatitis and liver damage for HBV.
|Titolo:||Identification of hepadnavirus in the sera of cats|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|