Stereo- and regioisomers of a series of N,N-bis(alkanol)amine aryl ester derivatives have been prepared and studied as multidrug resistance (MDR) modulators. The new compounds contain a 2-(methyl)propyl chain combined with a 3-, 5- or 7-methylenes long chain and carry different aromatic ester portions. Thus, these compounds have a methyl group on the 3-methylenes chain and represent branched homologues of previously studied derivatives. The introduction of the methyl group gives origin to a stereogenic center and consequently to (R) and (S) enantiomers. In the pirarubicin uptake assay on K562/DOX cell line these compounds showed good activity and efficacy and in many cases enantioselectivity was observed. Docking studies confirmed the influence of the stereocenter on the interaction in the P-gp pocket. The P-gp interaction mechanism and selectivity towards MRP1 and BCRP were also evaluated on MDCK transfected cells overexpressing the three transporters. Almost all these compounds inhibited both P-gp and BCRP, but only derivatives with specific structural characteristics showed MRP1 activity. Moreover, two compounds, (S)-3 and (R)-7, showed the ability to induce collateral sensitivity (CS) against MDR cells. Therefore, these two CS-promoting agents could be considered interesting leads for the development of selective cytotoxic agents for drug-resistant cells.
|Titolo:||Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of stereo- and regioisomers of amino aryl esters as multidrug resistance (MDR) reversers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|