The vector space model (VSM) emerged for almost three decades as one of the most effective approaches in the area of Information Retrieval (IR), thanks to its good compromise between expressivity, effectiveness and simplicity. Although Information Retrieval and Information Filtering (IF) undoubtedly represent two related research areas, the use of VSM in Information Filtering is much less analyzed, especially for content-based recommender systems. The goal of this work is twofold: first, we investigate the impact of VSM in the area of content-based recommender systems; second, since VSM suffer from well-known problems, such as its high dimensionality and the inability to manage information coming from negative user preferences, we propose techniques able to effectively tackle these drawbacks. Specifically we exploited Random Indexing for dimensionality reduction and the negation operator implemented in the Semantic Vectors open source package to model negative user preferences. Results of an experimental evaluation performed on these enhanced vector space models (eVSM) and the potential applications of these approaches confirm the effectiveness of the model and lead us to further investigate these techniques. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Random indexing and negative user preferences for enhancing content-based recommender systems

Musto C.;Semeraro G.;Lops P.;De Gemmis M.
2011

Abstract

The vector space model (VSM) emerged for almost three decades as one of the most effective approaches in the area of Information Retrieval (IR), thanks to its good compromise between expressivity, effectiveness and simplicity. Although Information Retrieval and Information Filtering (IF) undoubtedly represent two related research areas, the use of VSM in Information Filtering is much less analyzed, especially for content-based recommender systems. The goal of this work is twofold: first, we investigate the impact of VSM in the area of content-based recommender systems; second, since VSM suffer from well-known problems, such as its high dimensionality and the inability to manage information coming from negative user preferences, we propose techniques able to effectively tackle these drawbacks. Specifically we exploited Random Indexing for dimensionality reduction and the negation operator implemented in the Semantic Vectors open source package to model negative user preferences. Results of an experimental evaluation performed on these enhanced vector space models (eVSM) and the potential applications of these approaches confirm the effectiveness of the model and lead us to further investigate these techniques. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
978-3-642-23013-4
978-3-642-23014-1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/238820
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