In 1992, the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro considered "biological diversity" by introducing the term "agricultural biodiversity" or "agro-biodiversity", conceived as the set of varieties that each farmer recognizes and considers as part of the collective heritage of his land of origin. Italy holds a record of biodiversity for almost all the most important crops used for food, only partly due to physical and geographical factors. Apulia, in Southern Italy, is witnessed by numerous small details such as the countless units of land surface and quantity of agricultural products, the thousand dialects, habits and customs of the small towns. Apulia seems to be “a happy island” for biodiversity and needs to be protected with about 500 agricultural varieties between horticulture products and vegetables (“Polignano” carrots, onions from Acquaviva, and so on). The Southern part of Bosnia and Hercegovina, region of Herzegovina, is administratively divided to Western and Eastern Hercegovina having Neretva river as natural border between two. Due to difficult post-conflict transitional period, disputable approaches undertaken in revitalization of the agriculture and ongoing political disagreements, the rich agro-biodiversity of the area has been partially lost. But regardless all difficulties, Herzegovina farmers, holding a strong cultural identity with food, helped saving from disappearance some of the oldest and most traditional products such as cheese in sack, kajmak (creamy cheese) in sack, “roga” green bean or “poljak” bean, all of them recognized by Slow Food movement to be “arc of taste” products. The contribution, in addition to verifying the state of the art, intends to evaluate the different approaches regarding the subject outlined with regard to management and practices in Italy and in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Indogenous agricultural products and biodiversity for the development of regional areas. Italy calls Bosnia and Herzegovina

R. Grumo;S. Giordano;
2018

Abstract

In 1992, the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro considered "biological diversity" by introducing the term "agricultural biodiversity" or "agro-biodiversity", conceived as the set of varieties that each farmer recognizes and considers as part of the collective heritage of his land of origin. Italy holds a record of biodiversity for almost all the most important crops used for food, only partly due to physical and geographical factors. Apulia, in Southern Italy, is witnessed by numerous small details such as the countless units of land surface and quantity of agricultural products, the thousand dialects, habits and customs of the small towns. Apulia seems to be “a happy island” for biodiversity and needs to be protected with about 500 agricultural varieties between horticulture products and vegetables (“Polignano” carrots, onions from Acquaviva, and so on). The Southern part of Bosnia and Hercegovina, region of Herzegovina, is administratively divided to Western and Eastern Hercegovina having Neretva river as natural border between two. Due to difficult post-conflict transitional period, disputable approaches undertaken in revitalization of the agriculture and ongoing political disagreements, the rich agro-biodiversity of the area has been partially lost. But regardless all difficulties, Herzegovina farmers, holding a strong cultural identity with food, helped saving from disappearance some of the oldest and most traditional products such as cheese in sack, kajmak (creamy cheese) in sack, “roga” green bean or “poljak” bean, all of them recognized by Slow Food movement to be “arc of taste” products. The contribution, in addition to verifying the state of the art, intends to evaluate the different approaches regarding the subject outlined with regard to management and practices in Italy and in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/232363
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