Aviation covers a significant role in environmental impacts, as it accounts for 2% of global carbon dioxide (CO2) equal to more than 33 Gt emissions. Due to the progressive increase in air traffic, aviation polluting emissions are growing by approximately 5% by year and double each 15 years. The road map of aviation sustainable development program is ambitious; the objective is to stabilize CO2 emissions by 2020 and afterwards to reduce them by 50% in 2050 compared to 2005 quota. Governments, manufacturers, airlines and international transport organization to ensure aviation greater sustainability, largely are aware the promotion of bio-jet fuel use. This paper aims to describe aviation fuel evolution particularly with regard to bio-jet fuel, based on data related to civil and military flight tests from 2006 up today and on national and international references and technical reports of international organizations such as IPCC, (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), IEA (International Energy Agency) and IATA (International Air Transport Association). The study identifies typologies and features of bio-jet fuel available on the market, focusing on feedstock used and conversion processes applied to their production, reporting related environmental impacts and issues. The final purpose is to highlight strengths and weaknesses related to bio-jet fuel production and use, in terms of market and environmental implications.

Aviation fuel evolution: a review.

Amicarelli Vera;Lagioia Giovanni
2017

Abstract

Aviation covers a significant role in environmental impacts, as it accounts for 2% of global carbon dioxide (CO2) equal to more than 33 Gt emissions. Due to the progressive increase in air traffic, aviation polluting emissions are growing by approximately 5% by year and double each 15 years. The road map of aviation sustainable development program is ambitious; the objective is to stabilize CO2 emissions by 2020 and afterwards to reduce them by 50% in 2050 compared to 2005 quota. Governments, manufacturers, airlines and international transport organization to ensure aviation greater sustainability, largely are aware the promotion of bio-jet fuel use. This paper aims to describe aviation fuel evolution particularly with regard to bio-jet fuel, based on data related to civil and military flight tests from 2006 up today and on national and international references and technical reports of international organizations such as IPCC, (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), IEA (International Energy Agency) and IATA (International Air Transport Association). The study identifies typologies and features of bio-jet fuel available on the market, focusing on feedstock used and conversion processes applied to their production, reporting related environmental impacts and issues. The final purpose is to highlight strengths and weaknesses related to bio-jet fuel production and use, in terms of market and environmental implications.
978-9928-208-35-4
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/227461
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