We investigate the behavior of two quantum emitters (two-level atoms) embedded in a linear waveguide, in a quasi-one-dimensional configuration. Since the atoms can emit, absorb, and reflect radiation, the pair can spontaneously relax towards an entangled bound state, under conditions in which a single atom would instead decay. Exploiting the resolvent formalism, we analyze the properties of these bound states, which occur for resonant values of the interatomic distance, and discuss their relevance with respect to entanglement generation. The stability of such states close to the resonance is studied, as well as the properties of nonresonant bound states, whose energy is below the threshold for photon propagation.

Bound states and entanglement generation in waveguide quantum electrodynamics

FACCHI, PAOLO;PASCAZIO, Saverio;PEPE, FRANCESCO VINCENZO;POMARICO, DOMENICO;
2016-01-01

Abstract

We investigate the behavior of two quantum emitters (two-level atoms) embedded in a linear waveguide, in a quasi-one-dimensional configuration. Since the atoms can emit, absorb, and reflect radiation, the pair can spontaneously relax towards an entangled bound state, under conditions in which a single atom would instead decay. Exploiting the resolvent formalism, we analyze the properties of these bound states, which occur for resonant values of the interatomic distance, and discuss their relevance with respect to entanglement generation. The stability of such states close to the resonance is studied, as well as the properties of nonresonant bound states, whose energy is below the threshold for photon propagation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/180478
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