To evaluate N-hydroxyurea as zinc binding group in the design of MMP inhibitors, two peptidyl 1-hydroxyureas were prepared by N-hydroxycarbamoylation of the diastereomeric dipeptides H-Leu-Phe-NHMe and H-d-Leu-Phe-NHMe. Peptidyl 1-hydroxyureas were more potent than the parent peptides, but dramatically weaker (4-5 orders of magnitude) than the isosteric (R)-succinylhydroxamate analogue, which displays IC(50) in the range of nM vs MMP-1, -3, -7 and sub-nM vs MMP-2, -8, and -9. The peptidyl 1-hydroxyurea 1a attained an IC(50) of 20muM vs MMP-9, and substantially approaches inhibition of known N-hydroxyureas based on aminoacids or peptides against other zinc metalloenzymes and non-peptidic N-hydroxyureas against MMPs. Strong preference of the O-N1-CO unit for the antiperiplanar amide bond conformation seems to be the major limit for more effective zinc chelation. Methylation of a peptidyl 1-hydroxyurea at N3, to promote the synperiplanar O-N1-CO conformation required for zinc chelation and improve affinity, resulted in release of a methylimidazolidine-2,4-dione through an undesired intramolecular reaction reminiscent of the Edman peptide degradation.

Peptidyl 3-Substituted 1-Hydroxyureas as Isosteric Analogues of Succinylhydroxamate MMP Inhibitors

TORTORELLA, Paolo;
2008

Abstract

To evaluate N-hydroxyurea as zinc binding group in the design of MMP inhibitors, two peptidyl 1-hydroxyureas were prepared by N-hydroxycarbamoylation of the diastereomeric dipeptides H-Leu-Phe-NHMe and H-d-Leu-Phe-NHMe. Peptidyl 1-hydroxyureas were more potent than the parent peptides, but dramatically weaker (4-5 orders of magnitude) than the isosteric (R)-succinylhydroxamate analogue, which displays IC(50) in the range of nM vs MMP-1, -3, -7 and sub-nM vs MMP-2, -8, and -9. The peptidyl 1-hydroxyurea 1a attained an IC(50) of 20muM vs MMP-9, and substantially approaches inhibition of known N-hydroxyureas based on aminoacids or peptides against other zinc metalloenzymes and non-peptidic N-hydroxyureas against MMPs. Strong preference of the O-N1-CO unit for the antiperiplanar amide bond conformation seems to be the major limit for more effective zinc chelation. Methylation of a peptidyl 1-hydroxyurea at N3, to promote the synperiplanar O-N1-CO conformation required for zinc chelation and improve affinity, resulted in release of a methylimidazolidine-2,4-dione through an undesired intramolecular reaction reminiscent of the Edman peptide degradation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/13988
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