EXPERIMENTAL TESTS WITH THE APPLICATION OF BIODEGRADABLE FILMS IN PROTECTED CULTIVATION The main results of three years of experimental field and laboratory trials using biodegradable films in agriculture are described. Trials were carried out in order to test innovative biodegradable materials for the protected cultivation of strawberry, of melon and tomato applying the cropping methods used in Southern Italy. Biodegradable films with different thickness were used for the soil mulching and for the covering of the low tunnels and they were compared with non biodegradable LDPE films. Climatic data of the site, air temperature and relative humidity inside the low tunnels and soil temperature under the mulching films were gathered during the tests. Besides laboratory radiometric tests, by means of spectrophotometers, were executed on the films in order to evaluate parameters such as the transmissivity in different wavelength ranges. All the films showed a low value for the long wave infrared transmissivity coefficient, changing between 3% and 28%, that induces the greenhouse effect inside the protected volume. The biodegradable transparent films showed high transmissivity coefficients in the solar range, values between 77% and 85%. The radiometric properties of the biodegradable films induced internal low tunnel air and soil temperatures equal or higher in comparison with the temperatures obtained using LDPE plastics. Concerning the agronomical productions, as marketable total yield and earliness, optimum results were obtained using biodegradable films. The experimental trials highlighted how the biodegradable films had the functionality needed for agricultural applications, such as the duration and the mechanical strength, during the whole experimental crop cycle. At the end of the cultivation period, biodegradable mulching films were shattered and buried with plants; ecotoxicity tests showed no evidence of ecotoxicity in the soil. The research showed that the biodegradable materials could be a sustainable alternative to the plastic films based on fossil raw materials.

Prove sperimentali con applicazioni di film biodegradabili nella protezione delle colture

SCARASCIA MUGNOZZA, Giacomo;VOX, Giuliano;SCHETTINI, Evelia
2005

Abstract

EXPERIMENTAL TESTS WITH THE APPLICATION OF BIODEGRADABLE FILMS IN PROTECTED CULTIVATION The main results of three years of experimental field and laboratory trials using biodegradable films in agriculture are described. Trials were carried out in order to test innovative biodegradable materials for the protected cultivation of strawberry, of melon and tomato applying the cropping methods used in Southern Italy. Biodegradable films with different thickness were used for the soil mulching and for the covering of the low tunnels and they were compared with non biodegradable LDPE films. Climatic data of the site, air temperature and relative humidity inside the low tunnels and soil temperature under the mulching films were gathered during the tests. Besides laboratory radiometric tests, by means of spectrophotometers, were executed on the films in order to evaluate parameters such as the transmissivity in different wavelength ranges. All the films showed a low value for the long wave infrared transmissivity coefficient, changing between 3% and 28%, that induces the greenhouse effect inside the protected volume. The biodegradable transparent films showed high transmissivity coefficients in the solar range, values between 77% and 85%. The radiometric properties of the biodegradable films induced internal low tunnel air and soil temperatures equal or higher in comparison with the temperatures obtained using LDPE plastics. Concerning the agronomical productions, as marketable total yield and earliness, optimum results were obtained using biodegradable films. The experimental trials highlighted how the biodegradable films had the functionality needed for agricultural applications, such as the duration and the mechanical strength, during the whole experimental crop cycle. At the end of the cultivation period, biodegradable mulching films were shattered and buried with plants; ecotoxicity tests showed no evidence of ecotoxicity in the soil. The research showed that the biodegradable materials could be a sustainable alternative to the plastic films based on fossil raw materials.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/132608
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