We report the detection and molecular characterization of a rotavirus strain, 10733, isolated from the feces of a buffalo calf affected with diarrhea in Italy. Strain 10733 was classified as a P rotavirus, as the VP8* trypsin cleavage product of the VP4 protein revealed a high amino acid identity (96.2%) with that of rhesus rotavirus strain RRV (P5B), used as the recipient virus in the human-simian reassortant vaccine. Analysis of the VP7 gene product revealed that strain 10733 possessed G6 serotype specificity, a type common in ruminants, with an amino acid identity to G6 rotavirus strains ranging from 88 to 98%, to Venezuelan bovine strain BRV033, and Hungarian human strain Hun4. Phylogenetic analysis based on the VP7 gene of G6 rotaviruses identified at least four lineages and an apparent linkage between each lineage and the VP4 specificity, suggesting the occurrence of repeated interspecies transmissions and genetic reassortment events between ruminant and human rotaviruses. Moreover, strain 10733 displayed a bovine-like NSP4 and NSP5/6 and a subgroup I VP6 specificity, as well as a long electropherotype pattern. The detection of the rare P genotype in ruminants provides additional evidence for the wide genetic and antigenic diversity of group A rotaviruses.
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|Titolo:||Molecular analysis of the VP7, VP4, VP6, NSP4, NSP5/6 genes of a buffalo rotavirus strain: identification of the rare P, RRV-like, VP4 gene allele|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Citazione:||Molecular analysis of the VP7, VP4, VP6, NSP4, NSP5/6 genes of a buffalo rotavirus strain: identification of the rare P, RRV-like, VP4 gene allele / Martella, V.; Ciarlet, M.; Pratelli, A.; Arista, S.; Terio, V.; Elia, G; Cavalli, A.; Gentile, M.; Decaro, N.; Greco, G.; Cafiero, M.A.; Tempesta, M.; Buonavoglia, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0095-1137. - 41(2003), pp. 5665-5675.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|