We hypothesized that progression of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to multiple myeloma (MM) reflects the escape of transformed plasma cells from T-cell recognition because of impaired antigen processing-presenting machinery (APM). We studied plasma cells and CD8+ T cells from bone marrow of 20 MGUS patients, 20 MM patients, and 10 control patients. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry revealed significantly different patterns of APM component expression in plasma cells from the 3 groups. Compared with control patients, MM samples had lower expression of proteasome subunits and peptide transporters and greater expression of chaperones, considering both percentages of stained cells and molecular equivalents of soluble fluorochrome. MGUS samples had intermediate percentages of stained cells but molecular equivalents of soluble fluorochrome similar to control patients. Real-time polymerase chain reaction documented that APM changes occurred at the transcriptional level. Cytotoxicity assays demonstrated that MGUS CD8+ T cells lysed autologous transformed plasma cells more than MM CD8+ T cells did. MGUS progression correlated directly with calnexin, calreticulin, and tapasin and indirectly with delta, LMP2, and LMP10 expression levels; MM disease status did not correlate with APM levels. APM changes may allow transformed plasma cells to elude immunesurveillance in the MGUS-MM pathogenetic sequence.

Alterations in the antigen processing-presenting machinery of transformed plasma cells are associated with reduced recognition by CD8+ T cells and characterize the progression of MGUS to multiple myeloma

RACANELLI, Vito;Leone P;PEROSA, Federico;
2010-01-01

Abstract

We hypothesized that progression of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to multiple myeloma (MM) reflects the escape of transformed plasma cells from T-cell recognition because of impaired antigen processing-presenting machinery (APM). We studied plasma cells and CD8+ T cells from bone marrow of 20 MGUS patients, 20 MM patients, and 10 control patients. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry revealed significantly different patterns of APM component expression in plasma cells from the 3 groups. Compared with control patients, MM samples had lower expression of proteasome subunits and peptide transporters and greater expression of chaperones, considering both percentages of stained cells and molecular equivalents of soluble fluorochrome. MGUS samples had intermediate percentages of stained cells but molecular equivalents of soluble fluorochrome similar to control patients. Real-time polymerase chain reaction documented that APM changes occurred at the transcriptional level. Cytotoxicity assays demonstrated that MGUS CD8+ T cells lysed autologous transformed plasma cells more than MM CD8+ T cells did. MGUS progression correlated directly with calnexin, calreticulin, and tapasin and indirectly with delta, LMP2, and LMP10 expression levels; MM disease status did not correlate with APM levels. APM changes may allow transformed plasma cells to elude immunesurveillance in the MGUS-MM pathogenetic sequence.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/128252
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