Canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV) is a group II coronavirus thatwas firstly identified in lung samples of dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) in UKin 2003.We report for the first time the identification of CRCoVin Italy, together with serological evidence that the virus has been circulating in the Italian dog population as from2005. Serological investigations on 216 dog sera, carried out by an ELISA test using the strictly related bovine coronavirus (BCoV) as antigen, revealed an overall CRCoV seroprevalence of 32.06%in the last 2 years.RT-PCRtargeting the S-gene ofCRCoVwas carried out on 109 lung samples collected from carcasses of dogs submitted for diagnostic investigations. Positive results were obtained fromthe lungs of a dog of the Apulia region that was co-infectedwith canine parvovirus type 2. Sequence analysis of the S-gene fragmentamplified byRT-PCR(595 bp) showed similarity to group II coronaviruses, with the highest nucleotide identity (98%)to the onlyCRCoVstrain currently available in the GenBank database (strain T101). The results of the present study show that CRCoV is present also in continental Europe, although further studies are required to determine the real pathogenic potential of the virus.

Serological and molecular evidence that canine respiratory coronavirus is circulating in Italy

DECARO, Nicola;DESARIO, COSTANTINA;ELIA, Gabriella;MARI, VIVIANA;LUCENTE, MARIA STELLA;MARTELLA, Vito;BUONAVOGLIA, Canio
2007

Abstract

Canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV) is a group II coronavirus thatwas firstly identified in lung samples of dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) in UKin 2003.We report for the first time the identification of CRCoVin Italy, together with serological evidence that the virus has been circulating in the Italian dog population as from2005. Serological investigations on 216 dog sera, carried out by an ELISA test using the strictly related bovine coronavirus (BCoV) as antigen, revealed an overall CRCoV seroprevalence of 32.06%in the last 2 years.RT-PCRtargeting the S-gene ofCRCoVwas carried out on 109 lung samples collected from carcasses of dogs submitted for diagnostic investigations. Positive results were obtained fromthe lungs of a dog of the Apulia region that was co-infectedwith canine parvovirus type 2. Sequence analysis of the S-gene fragmentamplified byRT-PCR(595 bp) showed similarity to group II coronaviruses, with the highest nucleotide identity (98%)to the onlyCRCoVstrain currently available in the GenBank database (strain T101). The results of the present study show that CRCoV is present also in continental Europe, although further studies are required to determine the real pathogenic potential of the virus.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/126054
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