Several members of a new family of non-sugar-type α-glucosidase inhibitors, bearing a phthalimide moiety connected to a variously substituted phenoxy ring by an alkyl chain, were synthesized and their activities were investigated. The efficacy of the inhibition activity appeared to be governed by the chain length of the substrate. Substrates possessing 10 carbons afforded the highest levels of activity, which were one to two orders of magnitude more potent than the known inhibitor 1-deoxynojirimycin (dNM). Furthermore, structure-activity relationship studies indicated a critical role of electron-withdrawing substituents at the phenoxy group for the activity. Derivatives bearing a chlorine atom along with a strong electron-withdrawing group, such as a nitro group, were the most potent of the series.

New N-(phenoxydecyl)phthalimide derivatives displaying potent inhibition activity towards alpha-glucosidase

CAROCCI, ALESSIA;CATALANO, ALESSIA;LENTINI, Giovanni;CAVALLUZZI, MARIA MADDALENA;DE PALMA, Annalisa;SCALERA, Vito Dom. E.;FRANCHINI, Carlo
2010

Abstract

Several members of a new family of non-sugar-type α-glucosidase inhibitors, bearing a phthalimide moiety connected to a variously substituted phenoxy ring by an alkyl chain, were synthesized and their activities were investigated. The efficacy of the inhibition activity appeared to be governed by the chain length of the substrate. Substrates possessing 10 carbons afforded the highest levels of activity, which were one to two orders of magnitude more potent than the known inhibitor 1-deoxynojirimycin (dNM). Furthermore, structure-activity relationship studies indicated a critical role of electron-withdrawing substituents at the phenoxy group for the activity. Derivatives bearing a chlorine atom along with a strong electron-withdrawing group, such as a nitro group, were the most potent of the series.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/116432
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