BACKGROUND: The study of pro- and anti-oxidant compounds is important for their influence on the shelf-life and nutritional valueof food.Theaimof this researchwastoevaluate theactivity ofmonoacylglycerols(MAG),obtainedbypartialsaponification of a purified olive oil, added in increasing amounts to the same oil and submitted to the Rancimat test and oven test at 60 ◦C. Besides routine analyses, high-performance size exclusion chromatography analysis of polar compounds was performed. RESULTS: The addition of MAG led in all cases to a significant slowdown of the oxidative processes. These trends were more evident as the oxidation went on. The purified oil added with 30 g kg−1 of MAG after 9 days of oven test at 60 ◦C presented a level of oxidative degradation significantly lower than the control after only 4 days. CONCLUSION: The data showed a marked antioxidant effect of MAG in purified olive oil, contrary to what has been observed by other authors,who noticed either a pro-oxidant or a non-antioxidant activity of these compounds in soybean oil. A different behaviour ofMAG during oxidation could depend on the different fatty acid composition of the oil matter they are added to.

Effects of monoacylglycerols on the oxidative stability of olive oil” J Sci Food Agric

GOMES, Tommaso Francesco;
2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The study of pro- and anti-oxidant compounds is important for their influence on the shelf-life and nutritional valueof food.Theaimof this researchwastoevaluate theactivity ofmonoacylglycerols(MAG),obtainedbypartialsaponification of a purified olive oil, added in increasing amounts to the same oil and submitted to the Rancimat test and oven test at 60 ◦C. Besides routine analyses, high-performance size exclusion chromatography analysis of polar compounds was performed. RESULTS: The addition of MAG led in all cases to a significant slowdown of the oxidative processes. These trends were more evident as the oxidation went on. The purified oil added with 30 g kg−1 of MAG after 9 days of oven test at 60 ◦C presented a level of oxidative degradation significantly lower than the control after only 4 days. CONCLUSION: The data showed a marked antioxidant effect of MAG in purified olive oil, contrary to what has been observed by other authors,who noticed either a pro-oxidant or a non-antioxidant activity of these compounds in soybean oil. A different behaviour ofMAG during oxidation could depend on the different fatty acid composition of the oil matter they are added to.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/100553
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