In the amphibian urinary bladder, water permeability is correlated with the insertion of intramembrane particle aggregates (IMPAs) into the apical plasma membrane (AM) of the granular cells. These aggregates are believed to contain water channels. Characterization of the IMPAs by comparing AM fractions of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)-treated and resting epithelia requires isolation and purification of AM-rich material, free of other cytoplasmic aggregate-containing organelles, in both cases. A technique derived from freeze-fracture was chosen to isolate large sheets of apical membrane material from frog (Rana esculenta) urinary bladder epithelium. The apical side was plated on a polylysine-coated glass slide, frozen with liquid nitrogen, and fractured. A nylon mesh was inserted between the glass slide and the bladder, in order to bring the fracture plane back to the AM periodically. Fluorescent markers were used to characterize the material having fractured with the glass slide. Samples were observed by fluorescence and phase contrast microscopy. We obtained evidence that numerous patches of fractured AM remained on the glass surface without nuclei. A phase contrast picture was obtained only at a high magnification, indicating a low thickness of the recovered material. Further characterization was made with SDS-PAGE. Protein contents of samples were extracted under various experimental conditions and the patterns of ADH-treated, resting AM samples, or whole epithelial cell crude homogenates, were compared. Staining of some bands increased under certain conditions, whereas many others disappeared. Both morphological and biochemical approaches demonstrate that the recovered material was apical in origin.

Isolation of large sheets of apical material from frog urinary bladder epithelial cells by freeze-fracture / VERBAVATZ J.M.; CALAMITA G; HUGON J.S.; BOURGUET J.. - In: BIOLOGY OF THE CELL. - ISSN 0248-4900. - 66:1-2(1989), pp. 91-97.

Isolation of large sheets of apical material from frog urinary bladder epithelial cells by freeze-fracture

CALAMITA, Giuseppe;
1989

Abstract

In the amphibian urinary bladder, water permeability is correlated with the insertion of intramembrane particle aggregates (IMPAs) into the apical plasma membrane (AM) of the granular cells. These aggregates are believed to contain water channels. Characterization of the IMPAs by comparing AM fractions of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)-treated and resting epithelia requires isolation and purification of AM-rich material, free of other cytoplasmic aggregate-containing organelles, in both cases. A technique derived from freeze-fracture was chosen to isolate large sheets of apical membrane material from frog (Rana esculenta) urinary bladder epithelium. The apical side was plated on a polylysine-coated glass slide, frozen with liquid nitrogen, and fractured. A nylon mesh was inserted between the glass slide and the bladder, in order to bring the fracture plane back to the AM periodically. Fluorescent markers were used to characterize the material having fractured with the glass slide. Samples were observed by fluorescence and phase contrast microscopy. We obtained evidence that numerous patches of fractured AM remained on the glass surface without nuclei. A phase contrast picture was obtained only at a high magnification, indicating a low thickness of the recovered material. Further characterization was made with SDS-PAGE. Protein contents of samples were extracted under various experimental conditions and the patterns of ADH-treated, resting AM samples, or whole epithelial cell crude homogenates, were compared. Staining of some bands increased under certain conditions, whereas many others disappeared. Both morphological and biochemical approaches demonstrate that the recovered material was apical in origin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/95677
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