The effects of the exposure of organic thin-film transistors, comprising different organic semiconductors and gate dielectrics, to 1-pentanol are investigated. The transistor sensors exhibited an increase or a decrease of the transient source-drain current in the presence of the analyte, most likely as a result of a trapping or of a doping process of the organic active layer. The occurrence of these two effects, that can also coexist, depend on the gate-dielectric/organic semiconductor interface and on the applied gate field. Evidence of a systematic and sizable response enhancement for an OTFT sensor operated in the enhanced mode is also presented. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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