We present a new ac device useful for simultaneous measurements of ionic charge movement (conductance) and gating charge displacement (capacitance) in mitochondrial porin channels incorporated in two kinds of black lipid membranes (BLMs), made up of phosphatidylinositol (charged surface) and oxidized cholesterol (neutral surface). In particular, we investigated the conductance/capacitance variations during the process of porin incorporation (VDAC) at different porin concentrations. While conductance variations are present throughout the porin concentration range investigated, a threshold value seems to be necessary in order to detect a significant capacitance variation. A clear steady state in both conductance and capacitance is reached for the phosphatidylinositol bilayer, while for the oxidized cholesterol membranes, the steady state is reached only for the conductance. The dependence of capacitance characteristics on the membrane applied voltage V(m) is investigated before porin incorporation and at the ionic current steady state. The results obtained confirm that before porin incorporation, there is a small dependence on V(m)(2), while afterwards we find evidence of a dual exponential voltage dependence (a result similar to that found for conductance). Finally, we investigated the capacitance dependence on the radius of the hole separating the two compartments of the cell used in the measurements. In this study, performed only with oxidized cholesterol, the radius was varied from 200 to 1050 microm. We observed a significant variation in the specific capacitance in particular for smaller radii. The results were interpreted by a simple geometrical model taking into account the influence of the torus.

Mitochondrial porin incorporation into black lipid membranes: ionic and gating contribution to the total current

MELELEO, DANIELA ADDOLORATA;
2002

Abstract

We present a new ac device useful for simultaneous measurements of ionic charge movement (conductance) and gating charge displacement (capacitance) in mitochondrial porin channels incorporated in two kinds of black lipid membranes (BLMs), made up of phosphatidylinositol (charged surface) and oxidized cholesterol (neutral surface). In particular, we investigated the conductance/capacitance variations during the process of porin incorporation (VDAC) at different porin concentrations. While conductance variations are present throughout the porin concentration range investigated, a threshold value seems to be necessary in order to detect a significant capacitance variation. A clear steady state in both conductance and capacitance is reached for the phosphatidylinositol bilayer, while for the oxidized cholesterol membranes, the steady state is reached only for the conductance. The dependence of capacitance characteristics on the membrane applied voltage V(m) is investigated before porin incorporation and at the ionic current steady state. The results obtained confirm that before porin incorporation, there is a small dependence on V(m)(2), while afterwards we find evidence of a dual exponential voltage dependence (a result similar to that found for conductance). Finally, we investigated the capacitance dependence on the radius of the hole separating the two compartments of the cell used in the measurements. In this study, performed only with oxidized cholesterol, the radius was varied from 200 to 1050 microm. We observed a significant variation in the specific capacitance in particular for smaller radii. The results were interpreted by a simple geometrical model taking into account the influence of the torus.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/76337
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