Abstract: Two recently cloned water channels, CHTP28 and WCH-CD, are homologous to MIP26, an integral membrane channel-forming protein found in lens fiber plasma membranes. CHIP28 is found in basolateral and apical plasma membranes of kidney proximal tubules and thin descending limbs of Henle, whereas WCH-CD is apically located in collecting duct principal cells. So far, the putative water channel that may be responsible for the high constitutive permeability of principal cell basolateral membranes has not been identified. Interestingly, freeze-fracture electron microscopy has shown that characteristic orthogonal arrays of intramembrane particles (OAPs) are found on the basolateral plasma membranes of collecting duct principal cells, and that morphologically identical OAPs present in lens fiber cell plasma membranes contain the protein MIP26. Similar OAPs have also been detected on plasma membranes of other cell types including gastric parietal cells, astroglial cells and skeletal muscle fibers. By indirect immunofluorescence, western blotting and northern blotting, MIP26 was found only in lens fibers. In addition, functional studies on reconstituted and oocyte-expressed MIP26 excluded the possibility that MIP26 might be a basolateral water channel in the kidney. However, a polyclonal antibody raised against skeletal muscle sarcolemmal vesicles, which are enriched in OAPs, produced an intense staining of principal cell basolateral plasma membranes in kidney collecting duct and immuno-precipitated a 28 kDa protein from kidney papilla. The immunoprecipitated protein from papilla was not recognized by anti-CHIP28 or anti-MIP26 antibodies, indicating that principal cell basolateral membranes contain a novel member of the CHIP/MIP family. Because this antibody also stained brain astrocyte end feet, which are enriched in OAPs, it is possible that the 28 kDa protein is related to these structures. We conclude that OAPs probably contain related but distinct proteins that may have different membrane channel functions in different cell types.

A 28 kDa sarcolemmal antigen in kidney principal cell basolateral membranes: relationship to orthogonal arrays and MIP26

VALENTI, Giovanna;
1994

Abstract

Abstract: Two recently cloned water channels, CHTP28 and WCH-CD, are homologous to MIP26, an integral membrane channel-forming protein found in lens fiber plasma membranes. CHIP28 is found in basolateral and apical plasma membranes of kidney proximal tubules and thin descending limbs of Henle, whereas WCH-CD is apically located in collecting duct principal cells. So far, the putative water channel that may be responsible for the high constitutive permeability of principal cell basolateral membranes has not been identified. Interestingly, freeze-fracture electron microscopy has shown that characteristic orthogonal arrays of intramembrane particles (OAPs) are found on the basolateral plasma membranes of collecting duct principal cells, and that morphologically identical OAPs present in lens fiber cell plasma membranes contain the protein MIP26. Similar OAPs have also been detected on plasma membranes of other cell types including gastric parietal cells, astroglial cells and skeletal muscle fibers. By indirect immunofluorescence, western blotting and northern blotting, MIP26 was found only in lens fibers. In addition, functional studies on reconstituted and oocyte-expressed MIP26 excluded the possibility that MIP26 might be a basolateral water channel in the kidney. However, a polyclonal antibody raised against skeletal muscle sarcolemmal vesicles, which are enriched in OAPs, produced an intense staining of principal cell basolateral plasma membranes in kidney collecting duct and immuno-precipitated a 28 kDa protein from kidney papilla. The immunoprecipitated protein from papilla was not recognized by anti-CHIP28 or anti-MIP26 antibodies, indicating that principal cell basolateral membranes contain a novel member of the CHIP/MIP family. Because this antibody also stained brain astrocyte end feet, which are enriched in OAPs, it is possible that the 28 kDa protein is related to these structures. We conclude that OAPs probably contain related but distinct proteins that may have different membrane channel functions in different cell types.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/74443
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