Modulation of the sonic hedgehog (SHH) pathway is a crucial factor in cerebellar morphogenesis. Stimulation of granule neuron progenitor (GNP) proliferation is a central function of SHH signalling, but how this is controlled locally is not understood. We show that two sequentially expressed members of the contactin (CNTN) family of adhesion molecules, TAG1 and F3, act antagonistically to control SHH-induced proliferation: F3 suppresses SHH-induced GNP proliferation and induces differentiation, whereas TAG1 antagonises F3. Production of GNPs in TAG1-null mice is delayed and reduced. F3 and TAG1 colocalise on GNPs with the related L1-like adhesion molecule NrCAM, and F3 fails to suppress the SHH-induced proliferation of NrCAM-deficient GNPs. We show that F3 and SHH both primarily affect a group of intermediate GNPs (IPs), which, though actively dividing, also express molecules associated with differentiation, including β-tubulin III (TuJ1) and TAG1. In vivo, intermediate progenitors form a discrete layer in the middle of the external germinal layer (mEGL), while F3 becomes expressed on the axons of postmitotic granule neurons as they leave the inner EGL (iEGL). We propose, therefore, that F3 acts as a localised signal in the iEGL that induces SHH-stimulated cells in the overlying mEGL to exit cell cycle and differentiate. By contrast, expression of TAG1 on GNPs antagonises this signal in the mEGL, preventing premature differentiation and sustaining GNP expansion in a paracrine fashion. Together, these findings indicate that CNTN and L1-like proteins play a significant role in modulating SHH-induced neuronal precursor proliferation.

F3/contactin and TAG1 play antagonistic roles in the regulation of sonic hedgehog-induced cerebellar granule neuron progenitor proliferation

GENNARINI, Gianfranco;
2011

Abstract

Modulation of the sonic hedgehog (SHH) pathway is a crucial factor in cerebellar morphogenesis. Stimulation of granule neuron progenitor (GNP) proliferation is a central function of SHH signalling, but how this is controlled locally is not understood. We show that two sequentially expressed members of the contactin (CNTN) family of adhesion molecules, TAG1 and F3, act antagonistically to control SHH-induced proliferation: F3 suppresses SHH-induced GNP proliferation and induces differentiation, whereas TAG1 antagonises F3. Production of GNPs in TAG1-null mice is delayed and reduced. F3 and TAG1 colocalise on GNPs with the related L1-like adhesion molecule NrCAM, and F3 fails to suppress the SHH-induced proliferation of NrCAM-deficient GNPs. We show that F3 and SHH both primarily affect a group of intermediate GNPs (IPs), which, though actively dividing, also express molecules associated with differentiation, including β-tubulin III (TuJ1) and TAG1. In vivo, intermediate progenitors form a discrete layer in the middle of the external germinal layer (mEGL), while F3 becomes expressed on the axons of postmitotic granule neurons as they leave the inner EGL (iEGL). We propose, therefore, that F3 acts as a localised signal in the iEGL that induces SHH-stimulated cells in the overlying mEGL to exit cell cycle and differentiate. By contrast, expression of TAG1 on GNPs antagonises this signal in the mEGL, preventing premature differentiation and sustaining GNP expansion in a paracrine fashion. Together, these findings indicate that CNTN and L1-like proteins play a significant role in modulating SHH-induced neuronal precursor proliferation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/74184
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