Two synthetic precursor peptides, H2N-CVGIW and H 2N-LVMCCVGIW, involved in the quorum sensing of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1, were characterized by mass spectrometry (MS) with electrospray ionization and 7-T Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (ESI-FTICR) instrument. Cell-free bacterial supernatant solutions were analyzed by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with ESI-FTICR MS to verify the occurrence of both pentapeptide and nonapeptide in the bacterial broth. The structural characterization of both protonated peptides was performed by infrared multiphoton dissociation using a continuous CO2 laser source at a wavelength of 10.6 μm. As their fragmentation behavior cannot be directly derived from the primary peptide structure, all anomalous fragments were interpreted as neutral loss of amino acids from the interior of both peptides, i.e., loss of V, G, VG and M, MC, V, CC, from H2N-CVGIW and H 2N-LVMCCVGIW, respectively. Mechanisms of this scrambling are proposed. FTICR MS provides accurate masses of all fragment ions with very low absolute mass errors (<1.6 ppm), which facilitated the reliable assignment of their elemental compositions. The resolving power was more than sufficient to resolve closely isobaric product ions with routine subparts per million mass accuracies. Only the occurrence of pentapeptide was found in the cell-free culture of L. plantarum, grown in Waymouth's medium broth, with a low content of 5.2 ± 2.6 μM by external calibration. Most of it was present as oxidized H2N-CVGIW, that is, the soluble disulfide pentapeptide with a level tenfold higher (i.e., 50 ± 4 μM, n = 3).

Scrambling of autoinducing precursor peptides investigated by infrared multiphoton dissociation with electrospray ionization and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry

Cataldi T. R. I.
2013

Abstract

Two synthetic precursor peptides, H2N-CVGIW and H 2N-LVMCCVGIW, involved in the quorum sensing of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1, were characterized by mass spectrometry (MS) with electrospray ionization and 7-T Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (ESI-FTICR) instrument. Cell-free bacterial supernatant solutions were analyzed by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with ESI-FTICR MS to verify the occurrence of both pentapeptide and nonapeptide in the bacterial broth. The structural characterization of both protonated peptides was performed by infrared multiphoton dissociation using a continuous CO2 laser source at a wavelength of 10.6 μm. As their fragmentation behavior cannot be directly derived from the primary peptide structure, all anomalous fragments were interpreted as neutral loss of amino acids from the interior of both peptides, i.e., loss of V, G, VG and M, MC, V, CC, from H2N-CVGIW and H 2N-LVMCCVGIW, respectively. Mechanisms of this scrambling are proposed. FTICR MS provides accurate masses of all fragment ions with very low absolute mass errors (<1.6 ppm), which facilitated the reliable assignment of their elemental compositions. The resolving power was more than sufficient to resolve closely isobaric product ions with routine subparts per million mass accuracies. Only the occurrence of pentapeptide was found in the cell-free culture of L. plantarum, grown in Waymouth's medium broth, with a low content of 5.2 ± 2.6 μM by external calibration. Most of it was present as oxidized H2N-CVGIW, that is, the soluble disulfide pentapeptide with a level tenfold higher (i.e., 50 ± 4 μM, n = 3).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/64649
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