A two-step technique has been developed with the aim of retrieving the fault plane orientation of a small-magnitude earthquake. The technique uses a set of non-linear equations, which relate the rise times of first P waves to source parameters (source dimension L, dip delta and strike phi of the fault) and intrinsic Q(p). At the first step of the technique, the inversion of P polarities provides two fault plane orientations for each focal mechanism solution. At the second step, the inversion of rise times is carried out to retrieve L and fQ(p) by fixing delta and phi to the values of the fault plane orientation inferred at the first step. A robust analysis, based on the random deviates technique, allows us to evaluate if one fault plane exists which systematically better fits data and can be considered the 'true' fault plane. A parameter is introduced to quantify the level of resolution of the 'true' fault plane. A probabilistic approach, based on the assumption that errors on data are Gaussian distributed, allows us to a posteriori validate or reject the 'true' fault plane. The technique has been applied to 47 small earthquakes (1.3 < M-L < 3.9) occurred below the town of Sellano, during the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Central Italy) seismic crisis. The strike of the inferred fault planes is generally along the Apennine direction. Fault plane solutions can be mainly subdivided into two groups: a first group of SW-dipping faults and a second group of NE-dipping faults. These results agree with the present day knowledge of the fault systems in the area. An averageQ(p) equal to 354 +/- 63 has been estimated, in agreement with previous attenuation studies.

Fault plane orientations of small earthquakes of the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Italy) seismic sequence from P-wave polarities and rise times RID C-3422-2011 RID B-4211-2011

FILIPPUCCI, MARILENA;DE LORENZO, SALVATORE;
2006

Abstract

A two-step technique has been developed with the aim of retrieving the fault plane orientation of a small-magnitude earthquake. The technique uses a set of non-linear equations, which relate the rise times of first P waves to source parameters (source dimension L, dip delta and strike phi of the fault) and intrinsic Q(p). At the first step of the technique, the inversion of P polarities provides two fault plane orientations for each focal mechanism solution. At the second step, the inversion of rise times is carried out to retrieve L and fQ(p) by fixing delta and phi to the values of the fault plane orientation inferred at the first step. A robust analysis, based on the random deviates technique, allows us to evaluate if one fault plane exists which systematically better fits data and can be considered the 'true' fault plane. A parameter is introduced to quantify the level of resolution of the 'true' fault plane. A probabilistic approach, based on the assumption that errors on data are Gaussian distributed, allows us to a posteriori validate or reject the 'true' fault plane. The technique has been applied to 47 small earthquakes (1.3 < M-L < 3.9) occurred below the town of Sellano, during the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Central Italy) seismic crisis. The strike of the inferred fault planes is generally along the Apennine direction. Fault plane solutions can be mainly subdivided into two groups: a first group of SW-dipping faults and a second group of NE-dipping faults. These results agree with the present day knowledge of the fault systems in the area. An averageQ(p) equal to 354 +/- 63 has been estimated, in agreement with previous attenuation studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/57207
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