The oil polar fraction may have a great potential for the characterization of vegetable oils and for the individuation of adulterations. In particular, adulteration of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) with hazelnut oil (HO) is one of the most difficult ones to detect due to the similar composition as regards triacylglycerol, total sterol and fatty acid profile. A new micro-solid phase extraction (μ-SPE) procedure based on hydrophilic liquid chromatography (HILIC) micro-columns was developed for the selective extraction and enrichment of polar compounds from EVOO and HO beforematrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF-MS) analysis. The method permits a simple and fast qualitative analysis of the polar fraction of the oils under study; furthermore, somepeaks (such as them/z ions 496.39, 520.46 and 522.47) were found tobe present only inHO, indicating that they could be diagnostic for the presence ofHOin EVOO. In order to verify the potential of the method for the individuation of this adulteration,EVOOwas progressively adulteratedwith variable quantities ofHO, subjected to the HILIC enrichment and finally to MALDI-ToF-MS analysis; the detection of adulteration was possible up to the level of 5%. Eventually, diagnostic polar compoundswere identified as lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) (16 : 0/0 : 0), LPC (18 : 2/0 : 0), LPC (18 : 1/0 : 0) by means of capillary liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-quadrupole-ToF-MS (CapLC-ESI-Q-ToF-MS) analysis.

Detection of hazelnut oil in extra-virgin olive oil by analysis of polar components by micro-solid phase extraction based on hydrophilic liquid chromatography and MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry

CALVANO C. D.;ARESTA A.;ZAMBONIN C. G.
2010-01-01

Abstract

The oil polar fraction may have a great potential for the characterization of vegetable oils and for the individuation of adulterations. In particular, adulteration of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) with hazelnut oil (HO) is one of the most difficult ones to detect due to the similar composition as regards triacylglycerol, total sterol and fatty acid profile. A new micro-solid phase extraction (μ-SPE) procedure based on hydrophilic liquid chromatography (HILIC) micro-columns was developed for the selective extraction and enrichment of polar compounds from EVOO and HO beforematrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF-MS) analysis. The method permits a simple and fast qualitative analysis of the polar fraction of the oils under study; furthermore, somepeaks (such as them/z ions 496.39, 520.46 and 522.47) were found tobe present only inHO, indicating that they could be diagnostic for the presence ofHOin EVOO. In order to verify the potential of the method for the individuation of this adulteration,EVOOwas progressively adulteratedwith variable quantities ofHO, subjected to the HILIC enrichment and finally to MALDI-ToF-MS analysis; the detection of adulteration was possible up to the level of 5%. Eventually, diagnostic polar compoundswere identified as lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) (16 : 0/0 : 0), LPC (18 : 2/0 : 0), LPC (18 : 1/0 : 0) by means of capillary liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-quadrupole-ToF-MS (CapLC-ESI-Q-ToF-MS) analysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/52181
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