Introduction: Bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) are associated with high mortality with limited treatment. The aim of this study is to compare effectiveness and safety of colistin-based versus cefiderocol-based therapies for CRAB-BSI.Methods: This is a retrospective observational study enrolling patients with monomicrobial CRAB-BSIs treated with colistin or cefiderocol from 1 January 2020, to 31 December 2022. The 30-day all-cause mortality rate was the primary outcome. A Cox regression analysis was performed to identify factors independently associated with mortality. A propensity score analysis using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was also performed.Results: Overall 118 patients were enrolled, 75 (63%) and 43 (37%) treated with colistin- and cefiderocol-based regimens. The median (q1-q3) age was 70 (62-79) years; 70 (59%) patients were men.The 30-day all-cause mortality was 52%, significantly lower in the cefiderocol group (40% vs 59%, p = 0.045). By performing a Cox regression model, age (aHR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.05), septic shock (aHR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.05-3.53), and delayed targeted therapy (aHR = 2.42, 95% CI 1.11-5.25) were independent predictors of mortality, while cefiderocol-based therapy was protective (aHR = 0.49, 95% CI 0.25-0.93). The IPTW-adjusted Cox analysis confirmed the protective effect of cefiderocol (aHR = 0.53, 95% CI 0.27-0.98).Results: Overall 118 patients were enrolled, 75 (63%) and 43 (37%) treated with colistin- and cefiderocol-based regimens. The median (q1-q3) age was 70 (62-79) years; 70 (59%) patients were men.The 30-day all-cause mortality was 52%, significantly lower in the cefiderocol group (40% vs 59%, p = 0.045). By performing a Cox regression model, age (aHR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.05), septic shock (aHR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.05-3.53), and delayed targeted therapy (aHR = 2.42, 95% CI 1.11-5.25) were independent predictors of mortality, while cefiderocol-based therapy was protective (aHR = 0.49, 95% CI 0.25-0.93). The IPTW-adjusted Cox analysis confirmed the protective effect of cefiderocol (aHR = 0.53, 95% CI 0.27-0.98).Conclusions: Cefiderocol may be a valuable treatment option for CRAB-BSI, especially in the current context of limited treatment options.

Cefiderocol Versus Colistin for the Treatment of Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Complex Bloodstream Infections: A Retrospective, Propensity-Score Adjusted, Monocentric Cohort Study

Bavaro, Davide Fiore;Papagni, Roberta;Belati, Alessandra;Diella, Lucia;Di Gennaro, Francesco;Romanelli, Federica;Stolfa, Stefania;Mosca, Adriana;Stufano, Monica;Grasso, Salvatore;Saracino, Annalisa
2023-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) are associated with high mortality with limited treatment. The aim of this study is to compare effectiveness and safety of colistin-based versus cefiderocol-based therapies for CRAB-BSI.Methods: This is a retrospective observational study enrolling patients with monomicrobial CRAB-BSIs treated with colistin or cefiderocol from 1 January 2020, to 31 December 2022. The 30-day all-cause mortality rate was the primary outcome. A Cox regression analysis was performed to identify factors independently associated with mortality. A propensity score analysis using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was also performed.Results: Overall 118 patients were enrolled, 75 (63%) and 43 (37%) treated with colistin- and cefiderocol-based regimens. The median (q1-q3) age was 70 (62-79) years; 70 (59%) patients were men.The 30-day all-cause mortality was 52%, significantly lower in the cefiderocol group (40% vs 59%, p = 0.045). By performing a Cox regression model, age (aHR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.05), septic shock (aHR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.05-3.53), and delayed targeted therapy (aHR = 2.42, 95% CI 1.11-5.25) were independent predictors of mortality, while cefiderocol-based therapy was protective (aHR = 0.49, 95% CI 0.25-0.93). The IPTW-adjusted Cox analysis confirmed the protective effect of cefiderocol (aHR = 0.53, 95% CI 0.27-0.98).Results: Overall 118 patients were enrolled, 75 (63%) and 43 (37%) treated with colistin- and cefiderocol-based regimens. The median (q1-q3) age was 70 (62-79) years; 70 (59%) patients were men.The 30-day all-cause mortality was 52%, significantly lower in the cefiderocol group (40% vs 59%, p = 0.045). By performing a Cox regression model, age (aHR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.05), septic shock (aHR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.05-3.53), and delayed targeted therapy (aHR = 2.42, 95% CI 1.11-5.25) were independent predictors of mortality, while cefiderocol-based therapy was protective (aHR = 0.49, 95% CI 0.25-0.93). The IPTW-adjusted Cox analysis confirmed the protective effect of cefiderocol (aHR = 0.53, 95% CI 0.27-0.98).Conclusions: Cefiderocol may be a valuable treatment option for CRAB-BSI, especially in the current context of limited treatment options.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/460244
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