Background and Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing burden to society, and remains underdiagnosed in Italy. This study aimed at evaluating five validated screening questionnaires to consider which one was the most accurate, and the optimal cut-off score for each to be considered for the Southern Italian population. Materials and Methods: A total of 144 patients were recruited in the study. The age range was 46-85 years. All subjects underwent spirometry, and completed the five questionnaires: CDQ, LFQ, COPD-PS, COPD-SQ, and CAPTURE. Receiver-operator curves (ROC) were drawn for each questionnaire. The area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), values for the optimal cut-off score and previously recommended score were calculated and compared. Results: Of the questionnaires, the CDQ, LFQ, and COPD-SQ had significant differences between COPD (n = 86) and non-COPD (n = 52) groups. The AUCs for each questionnaire with (95%CI) were: CAPTURE, 0.602 (0.431-0.773); CDQ, 0.714 (0.555-0.872); LFQ, 0.331 (0.183-0.479; COPD-PS, 0.652 (0.497-0.807); and COPD-SQ, 0.679 (0.520-0.837). Only the CDQ and COPD-SQ had significant AUC screening characteristics. The optimal cut-off values for the CDQ, LFQ, and COPD-PS were modified to 22, 10, and 4, respectively. The COPD-SQ remained at 17. Conclusion: The CDQ and COPD-SQ can discriminate between individuals with and without COPD in the Italian population. The CDQ has a moderate screening accuracy, and the COPD-PS and COPD-SQ have low accuracy, when the optimal cut-off scores are used. Of the five questionnaires assessed, the CDQ and COPD-SQ questionnaires could be used for screening for COPD in the Southern Italian population.

Assessment of Five Questionnaires for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Southern Italian Population: A Proof-of-Concept Study

Dragonieri, Silvano;Quaranta, Vitaliano Nicola;Portacci, Andrea;Vulpi, Maria Rosaria;Santomasi, Carla;Caringella, Agnese;Carpagnano, Giovanna Elisiana
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing burden to society, and remains underdiagnosed in Italy. This study aimed at evaluating five validated screening questionnaires to consider which one was the most accurate, and the optimal cut-off score for each to be considered for the Southern Italian population. Materials and Methods: A total of 144 patients were recruited in the study. The age range was 46-85 years. All subjects underwent spirometry, and completed the five questionnaires: CDQ, LFQ, COPD-PS, COPD-SQ, and CAPTURE. Receiver-operator curves (ROC) were drawn for each questionnaire. The area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), values for the optimal cut-off score and previously recommended score were calculated and compared. Results: Of the questionnaires, the CDQ, LFQ, and COPD-SQ had significant differences between COPD (n = 86) and non-COPD (n = 52) groups. The AUCs for each questionnaire with (95%CI) were: CAPTURE, 0.602 (0.431-0.773); CDQ, 0.714 (0.555-0.872); LFQ, 0.331 (0.183-0.479; COPD-PS, 0.652 (0.497-0.807); and COPD-SQ, 0.679 (0.520-0.837). Only the CDQ and COPD-SQ had significant AUC screening characteristics. The optimal cut-off values for the CDQ, LFQ, and COPD-PS were modified to 22, 10, and 4, respectively. The COPD-SQ remained at 17. Conclusion: The CDQ and COPD-SQ can discriminate between individuals with and without COPD in the Italian population. The CDQ has a moderate screening accuracy, and the COPD-PS and COPD-SQ have low accuracy, when the optimal cut-off scores are used. Of the five questionnaires assessed, the CDQ and COPD-SQ questionnaires could be used for screening for COPD in the Southern Italian population.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/453363
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact