Aims: The aim of this registry was to evaluate the additional prognostic value of a composite cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-based risk score over standard-of-care (SOC) evaluation in a large cohort of consecutive unselected non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) patients. Methods and results: In the DERIVATE registry (www.clinicaltrials.gov/registration: RCT#NCT03352648), 1000 (derivation cohort) and 508 (validation cohort) NICM patients with chronic heart failure (HF) and left ventricular ejection fraction <50% were included. All-cause mortality and major adverse arrhythmic cardiac events (MAACE) were the primary and secondary endpoints, respectively. During a median follow-up of 959 days, all-cause mortality and MAACE occurred in 72 (7%) and 93 (9%) patients, respectively. Age and >3 segments with midwall fibrosis on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) were the only independent predictors of all-cause mortality (HR: 1.036, 95% CI: 1.0117-1.056, P < 0.001 and HR: 2.077, 95% CI: 1.211-3.562, P = 0.008, respectively). For MAACE, the independent predictors were male gender, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index by CMR (CMR-LVEDVi), and >3 segments with midwall fibrosis on LGE (HR: 2.131, 95% CI: 1.231-3.690, P = 0.007; HR: 3.161, 95% CI: 1.750-5.709, P < 0.001; and HR: 1.693, 95% CI: 1.084-2.644, P = 0.021, respectively). A composite clinical and CMR-based risk score provided a net reclassification improvement of 63.7% (P < 0.001) for MAACE occurrence when added to the model based on SOC evaluation. These findings were confirmed in the validation cohort. Conclusion: In a large multicentre, multivendor cohort registry reflecting daily clinical practice in NICM work-up, a composite clinical and CMR-based risk score provides incremental prognostic value beyond SOC evaluation, which may have impact on the indication of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation.

CarDiac magnEtic Resonance for prophylactic Implantable-cardioVerter defibrillAtor ThErapy in Non-Ischaemic dilated CardioMyopathy: An international Registry

Guaricci A. I.;Di Giovine G.;Casavecchia G.;Gravina M.;Puglisi S.;Santobuono V. E.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this registry was to evaluate the additional prognostic value of a composite cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-based risk score over standard-of-care (SOC) evaluation in a large cohort of consecutive unselected non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) patients. Methods and results: In the DERIVATE registry (www.clinicaltrials.gov/registration: RCT#NCT03352648), 1000 (derivation cohort) and 508 (validation cohort) NICM patients with chronic heart failure (HF) and left ventricular ejection fraction <50% were included. All-cause mortality and major adverse arrhythmic cardiac events (MAACE) were the primary and secondary endpoints, respectively. During a median follow-up of 959 days, all-cause mortality and MAACE occurred in 72 (7%) and 93 (9%) patients, respectively. Age and >3 segments with midwall fibrosis on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) were the only independent predictors of all-cause mortality (HR: 1.036, 95% CI: 1.0117-1.056, P < 0.001 and HR: 2.077, 95% CI: 1.211-3.562, P = 0.008, respectively). For MAACE, the independent predictors were male gender, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index by CMR (CMR-LVEDVi), and >3 segments with midwall fibrosis on LGE (HR: 2.131, 95% CI: 1.231-3.690, P = 0.007; HR: 3.161, 95% CI: 1.750-5.709, P < 0.001; and HR: 1.693, 95% CI: 1.084-2.644, P = 0.021, respectively). A composite clinical and CMR-based risk score provided a net reclassification improvement of 63.7% (P < 0.001) for MAACE occurrence when added to the model based on SOC evaluation. These findings were confirmed in the validation cohort. Conclusion: In a large multicentre, multivendor cohort registry reflecting daily clinical practice in NICM work-up, a composite clinical and CMR-based risk score provides incremental prognostic value beyond SOC evaluation, which may have impact on the indication of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/448905
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