The suspended sediment (SS) load provides valuable insights into soil loss magnitude, requiring comprehensive monitoring of streamflow (Q) and SS concentrations (SSC) across various hydrological conditions. The primary aim of this paper was to quantify SS loads in two mountainous river basins: the Carapelle (506 km2) and the Celone (72 km2) located in Apulia (Southeast Italy) where different monitoring strategies were adopted (i.e., continuous and discrete). The specific objective was to develop sediment rating curves to address gaps in the SSC time series. An optical probe was used to continuously monitor the SSC during 2007 to 2011 in a river section of the Carapelle river, while Q was measured with the ultrasonic method. A comprehensive dataset comprising continuous Q measurements and discrete SSC measurements was systematically acquired for the Celone river over the period of 2010 to 2011. Distinct sediment rating curves were formulated for three specific subsets of data delineated by discernible hydrological conditions (i.e., high, normal, and low flow) and SSCs were computed for the missing daily records. The annual specific sediment load exhibited a range of 2.4 to 6.06 t ha−1 yr−1 for the Celone river, while the Carapelle river displayed a range of 0.9 to 7.45 t ha−1 yr−1. A significant majority of the SS load was transported during high-flow conditions, accounting for over 80% of the total load. In contrast, during low-flow conditions, the SS load constituted less than 1% of the total load. The findings of this study highlight the significance of the hydrological regime as a critical factor influencing sediment transport in mountainous Mediterranean rivers. Furthermore, it demonstrates that the duration of the sampling period, along with its specific characteristics, such as dry or wet conditions, can have a substantial impact on the accurate quantification of the sediment load.

Suspended Sediment Transport in Mediterranean Streams: Monitoring and Load Estimation

Ricci G. F.;Abdelwahab O. M. M.;Netti A. M.;Gentile F.
2023-01-01

Abstract

The suspended sediment (SS) load provides valuable insights into soil loss magnitude, requiring comprehensive monitoring of streamflow (Q) and SS concentrations (SSC) across various hydrological conditions. The primary aim of this paper was to quantify SS loads in two mountainous river basins: the Carapelle (506 km2) and the Celone (72 km2) located in Apulia (Southeast Italy) where different monitoring strategies were adopted (i.e., continuous and discrete). The specific objective was to develop sediment rating curves to address gaps in the SSC time series. An optical probe was used to continuously monitor the SSC during 2007 to 2011 in a river section of the Carapelle river, while Q was measured with the ultrasonic method. A comprehensive dataset comprising continuous Q measurements and discrete SSC measurements was systematically acquired for the Celone river over the period of 2010 to 2011. Distinct sediment rating curves were formulated for three specific subsets of data delineated by discernible hydrological conditions (i.e., high, normal, and low flow) and SSCs were computed for the missing daily records. The annual specific sediment load exhibited a range of 2.4 to 6.06 t ha−1 yr−1 for the Celone river, while the Carapelle river displayed a range of 0.9 to 7.45 t ha−1 yr−1. A significant majority of the SS load was transported during high-flow conditions, accounting for over 80% of the total load. In contrast, during low-flow conditions, the SS load constituted less than 1% of the total load. The findings of this study highlight the significance of the hydrological regime as a critical factor influencing sediment transport in mountainous Mediterranean rivers. Furthermore, it demonstrates that the duration of the sampling period, along with its specific characteristics, such as dry or wet conditions, can have a substantial impact on the accurate quantification of the sediment load.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/448860
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