We present an alternative analysis of the 113Cd )5-decay electron energy spectrum in terms of spectral moments & mu;n, corresponding to the averaged values of nth powers of the )5 particle energy. The zeroth moment & mu;0 is related to the decay rate, while higher moments & mu;n are related to the spectrum shape. The here advocated spectral-moment method (SMM) allows for a complementary understanding of previous results, obtained using the so-called spectrum-shape method (SSM) and its revised version, in terms of two free parameters: r = gA/gV (the ratio of axial-vector to vector couplings) and s (the small vectorlike relativistic nuclear matrix element, s-NME). We present numerical results for three different nuclear models with the conserved vector current hypothesis (CVC) assumption of gV = 1. We show that most of the spectral information can be captured by the first few moments, which are simple quadratic forms (conic sections) in the (r, s) plane: An ellipse for n = 0 and hyperbolas for n 1, all being nearly degenerate as a result of cancellations among nuclear matrix elements. The intersections of these curves, as obtained by equating theoretical and experimental values of & mu;n, identify the favored values of (r, s) at a glance, without performing detailed fits. In particular, we find that values around r & AP; 1 and s & AP; 1.6 are consistently favored in each nuclear model, confirming the evidence for gA quenching in 113Cd, and shedding light on the role of the s-NME. We briefly discuss future applications of the SMM to other forbidden )5-decay spectra sensitive to gA.

Cd113 β -decay spectrum and gA quenching using spectral moments

Eligio Lisi;Antonio Marrone;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We present an alternative analysis of the 113Cd )5-decay electron energy spectrum in terms of spectral moments & mu;n, corresponding to the averaged values of nth powers of the )5 particle energy. The zeroth moment & mu;0 is related to the decay rate, while higher moments & mu;n are related to the spectrum shape. The here advocated spectral-moment method (SMM) allows for a complementary understanding of previous results, obtained using the so-called spectrum-shape method (SSM) and its revised version, in terms of two free parameters: r = gA/gV (the ratio of axial-vector to vector couplings) and s (the small vectorlike relativistic nuclear matrix element, s-NME). We present numerical results for three different nuclear models with the conserved vector current hypothesis (CVC) assumption of gV = 1. We show that most of the spectral information can be captured by the first few moments, which are simple quadratic forms (conic sections) in the (r, s) plane: An ellipse for n = 0 and hyperbolas for n 1, all being nearly degenerate as a result of cancellations among nuclear matrix elements. The intersections of these curves, as obtained by equating theoretical and experimental values of & mu;n, identify the favored values of (r, s) at a glance, without performing detailed fits. In particular, we find that values around r & AP; 1 and s & AP; 1.6 are consistently favored in each nuclear model, confirming the evidence for gA quenching in 113Cd, and shedding light on the role of the s-NME. We briefly discuss future applications of the SMM to other forbidden )5-decay spectra sensitive to gA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/441900
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