Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) proteins were extracted, digested, and analyzed by LC-ESI-FTMS/MS to find highly conserved peptides as markers of the microalga occurrence in foodstuffs. Putative markers were firstly chosen after in silico digestion of allergenic proteins, according to the FAO and WHO criteria, after assuring their presence in food supplements and in (un)processed foodsuffs. Parameters such as sensitivity, sequence size, and uniqueness for spirulina proteins were also evaluated.Three peptides belonging to C-phycocyanin beta subunit (P72508) were designated as qualifiers (ETYLALGTPGSSVAVGVGK and YVTYAVFAGDASVLEDR) and quantifier (ITSNASTIVSNAAR) marker peptides and used to validate the method for linearity, recovery, reproducibility, matrix effects, processing effects, LOD, and LOQ. The main aim was to determine spirulina in commercial foodstuffs like pasta, crackers, and homemade bread incurred with the microalga. The possible inclusion of the designated peptides in a standardized method, based on multiple reaction monitoring using a linear ion trap MS, was also demonstrated.

Discovery of marker peptides of spirulina microalga proteins for allergen detection in processed foodstuffs

Bianco, Mariachiara;Ventura, Giovanni;Calvano, Cosima D;Losito, Ilario;Cataldi, Tommaso R I
2022-01-01

Abstract

Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) proteins were extracted, digested, and analyzed by LC-ESI-FTMS/MS to find highly conserved peptides as markers of the microalga occurrence in foodstuffs. Putative markers were firstly chosen after in silico digestion of allergenic proteins, according to the FAO and WHO criteria, after assuring their presence in food supplements and in (un)processed foodsuffs. Parameters such as sensitivity, sequence size, and uniqueness for spirulina proteins were also evaluated.Three peptides belonging to C-phycocyanin beta subunit (P72508) were designated as qualifiers (ETYLALGTPGSSVAVGVGK and YVTYAVFAGDASVLEDR) and quantifier (ITSNASTIVSNAAR) marker peptides and used to validate the method for linearity, recovery, reproducibility, matrix effects, processing effects, LOD, and LOQ. The main aim was to determine spirulina in commercial foodstuffs like pasta, crackers, and homemade bread incurred with the microalga. The possible inclusion of the designated peptides in a standardized method, based on multiple reaction monitoring using a linear ion trap MS, was also demonstrated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/429078
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